|Some of the best research on the Manning and Hodges families of Norfolk County is found in this somewhat obscure and hard-to-find book by Florence (Sutherland) Hudson. |
Her book is: We cousins (Virginia to Texas): A genealogy of several of the families comprising the Alabama settlement of Austin's Colony, 1830 and 1831, now Texas, and including the other Virginia lines of the Sutherland family. Volume II. San Benito, Tex., F. S. Hudson, c1957-.
This wonderful book gives much information on the early Hodges and Manning families in Norfolk County. It is well written, full of citations and genealogical reasoning. It is some of the best work I have seen. Unfortunately, the book is out of print, the publisher no longer exists and the author, born in 1900, is presumed deceased.
Thanks to Dorothy Bernay of Denver, Colorado for excerpting and transcribing the relevant pages.
WE COUSINS, VOLUME II
by Florence Sutherland Hudson
Located at Clayton Library, Houston, TX
I ROGER HODGES I) of Virginia m. MARY MANNING,
daughter of JOHN MANNING I).
Other Early HODGES of Norfolk Co., Va.
II JOSEPH HODGES of Va., m. (1) SARAH _______; m. (2) MARY FEREBEE; m. (3) MARTHA JORDAN MORATALL.
His Brothers of Norfolk Co., Va.
III JAMES HODGES, SR. of Va. and N.C. m. (1) MARY PORTLOCK; m. (2) MIRIAM STOCKLEY, widow, probably MIRIAM LAMB.
IV JAMES HODGES, JR. of Va. and N.C. and Tenn. m. (1) ELIZABETH HODGESON; m. (2) MARY (perhaps POPE).
His Brother, WILLIS HODGES
V DAVID HODGES of N.C., Tenn., Ala., and Miss. m. NANCY WARD, daughter of ROBERT.
VI JOHN WILEY HODGES of Tenn., Ala. and Texas m. (1) TALITHA ANN MORTON, dau. of QUIN; m. (2) SUSAN LEWIS MENEFEE, dau. of THOMAS
VII to XII The Texas descendants of JOHN W. HODGES.
EARLY HODGES IN NORFOLK CO., VA.
I ROGER HODGES - FIRST GENERATION
Norfolk County, Virginia, originally called New Norfolk after its parent Co. in England was created in 1637 and at first included today 's Norfolk, Princess Ann and Nansemond counties. The first two were one and were referred to as Lower New Norfolk while Nansemond was called Upper New Norfolk until it was separated in 1642 and given its present name.
These three counties occupy the extreme southeast corner of the State of Virginia and form a wedge between the North Carolina boundary, the James River and the Atlantic Ocean. When Princess Ann was organized in 1691 out of Lower Norfolk, it claimed the Atlantic coast line but left to the mother county the excellently protected harbors off Hampton Roads and in Elizabeth River. This tidewater stream with its Eastern, Southern and Western Branches and many creeks spreads like an octopus through the entire upper two-thirds of Norfolk Co. providing it with easy communication by water.
The Northwest River must have been so named by the early inhabitance of what is now Currituck Co., N.C. for it flows through the southern part of Norfolk Co. and into Currituck Bay in North Carolina.
New Norfolk and Isle of Wight Co. which adjoined it on the west, were the seat of most of the early HODGES in Virginia, who brought with them to these shores the culture, religion and customs of the Mother Country.
"The HODGES Family is one of very great age "according to Sir EDWARD STARCHEY some forty years ago who was then in possession of their pedigree from King John down to 1660 (Wm. & Mary Quarterly Vol. 5 ( 1) p. 8).
The HODGES in Virginia took up just about the time Starchey's Chart left off.
In order to encourage immigration to its Royal Colonies, after 1619. England offered 50 acres of land the importation of each person into Virginia. Sometimes a Colonist paid his own expenses and, himself, received the land, but others found ship captains and speculators eager to transport them and receive the head right of 50 acres each. Usually the immigrants settled in the vicinity where the land was granted.
These land patents up to the year 1669 and beginning when the system was inaugerated are listed in a valuable volume "Cavaliers and Pioneers" by Nugent; p. 61 & 83 JOHN HODGES came in 1637 and 1638, land granted in Chas. City Co., (County Records destroyed); p. 50 ROBERT HODGES in 1637 land to JOHN GOOKIN on Nancemond River; p. 229 RICHARD HODGES in 1653 land in Gloucester Co.; p. 150 JOHN HODGES @ 1648 land to PHILIP BENNETT Upper Norfolk Co.; p. 447 ROBERT HODGE transported in 1662 by THOMAS POPE.
The Quit Rent Roll of 1704 included all counties of Virginia except those in the Northern Neck along the northern boundary of the present state, and is as near a census as is available until after the Revolution, although it is not without error. The HODGES included in it were:
1. ROGER HODGE - Isle of Wight Co. - 300 acres.
2. ARTHUR HODGES - Essex Co. 100 acres.
3. JOSEPH HODGES - Norfolk Co. - 50 acres.
4. RICHARD HODGES - Norfolk Co. - 375 acres.
5. ROGER HODGES - Norfolk Co. - 109 acres.
6. THOMAS HODGES - Norfolk Co. - 50 acres.
7. THOMAS HODGES - King and Queen - 250 acres.
8. ROBERT HOGE - Isle of Wight Co. - 60 acres.
9. JOHN HOGES - Norfolk Co. - 526 acres.
10. THOMAS HOGES - Norfolk Co. 407 acres.
In research, the compiler has examined the documents concerning all of these HODGES except ARTHUR of Essex and THOMAS of King and Queen Co., and is positive of at least one omission in Norfolk Co. and believes the entire report on HODGES from York and Gloucester Counties to have been left out.
There were two ROGER HODGES in Norfolk Co. in 1704. The one listed on the Quit Rent Rod was ROGER, JR. ROGER HODGES, SR. had received by patents and deed before this date 1030 acres and had conveyed about 585. He should have been listed with about 450 acres.
For the compiler and her large family connection, the HODGES story begins in Texas. The marriage there of THOMAS SHELTON SUTHERLAND and MARY ELIZABETH HODGES was recorded in the Family Bible of the parents of each. In the Bible of GEORGE and FRANCES MENEFEE SUTHERLAND it is simply and briefly stated "THOS S. SUTHERLAND and MARY E. HODGES was married on the 27th of January 1848."
In the Bible of JOHN W. HODGES, father of MARY ELIZABETH, who, at thirteen, had lost her mother. TALITHA ANN MORTON, first wife of JOHN W. HODGES, it is written: "Thomas Sutherland and Mary Elizabeth Hodges was married on the 27th day of January, Eighteen Hundred and forty-eight 1848."
Thus were joined in Texas, more than one hundred and fifty years after their arrival in the Colony of Virginia two families of the southern part of that state. The HODGES, as we have seen were originally from Norfolk Co. and their proven lineage dates back to the year 1666. The first definite records of the Sutherland are found in 1698 in King William Co. but the third GEORGE SUTHERLAND migrated to Southside Va. and we find him residing first in Halifax, then in Pittsylvania Co. about 1760.
Furthermore, THOMAS SUTHERLAND and MARY ELIZABETH HODGES were second cousins, her grandmother ELIZABETH SUTHERLAND wife of QUIN MORTON being the sister of GEORGE SUTHERLAND, father of THOMAS.
The HODGES family of Eastern Va. was said by Bishop MEADE to have been one of the leading ones of that section in his day.
The first of that line, definitely established as an antecedent of JOHN W. HODGES was ROGER HODGES I) who was no doubt a resident of Norfolk Co. several years before the first document proving his residence and dated 1666, was effected. JOHN W.'s descent from ROGER is through his son, JOSEPH HODGES, SR. of Norfolk Co.; to his grandson, JAMES HODGES, SR., of Norfolk Co. Va. and Pasquotank Co., N.C.; to his great-grandson JAMES HODGES of Norfolk Co. Va. Halifax Co., N.C. and Smith Co. Tenn. to his great-great-grandson, DAVID HODGES and his wife NANCY WARD of Halifax Co. N.C., Smith Co. Tenn., Franklin Co., Ala., and Tishamingo Co. Miss.
Thus we see that the generations from and including MARY ELIZABETH HODGES who married THOMAS SHELTON SUTHERLAND, Jan. 27, 1848, to ROGER HODGES, the immigrant of 1666, are seven. Her children are now all deceased since the death in 1952 of BELL SUTHERLAND FAIRES but the living descendants today include three, and sometimes four more generations.
Under date of April 15, 1666, we are introduced to ROGER HODGES of Va. who that day notified the court that he intended to be out of the country, (Norfolk Court Orders p. 32)
A deed, JOHN MANNING to MARY HODGES (Book E, p. 47) dated April 2, 1669) daughter to ROGER HODGES I) of Norfolk Co., Va. reads in part:
"JOHN MANNING of ye Suthern Branch of Elizabeth River, for the love and affection I have
for my grand-daughter, MARY HODGES, being ye being of my daughter, MARY HODGES and
her husband ROGER HODGES, do give all that land lying on a ridge adj. a swamp, being 20 acres
lying in Julian's Creek of Elizabeth River it being part of 300 acres JOHN MANNING formerly
bought of THOMAS WHYTE and a house has been recently built on said land by ROGER
HODGES, father of said MARY HODGES."
A certificate was granted ROGER HODGE on Oct. 15, 1672 for 200 acres for importation of self two times. Since only 50 acres per person was allowed he must have had a companion each time, perhaps his wife (p. 85 Court Orders of Norfolk 1666-1672).
Unfortunately for our HODGES research, many of the documents in Book 6 of Norfolk Records are not legible.
A deed to JOHN MANNING, SR., from THOMAS WHYTE, (Book 6, p. 158), we believe, might well prove that THOMAS WHITE, who came to Virginia in 1637 with one THOMAS SAWYER who was granted land in the Lower Co. of New Norfolk on the eastern branch of Elizabeth River, was the father-in-law of JOHN MANNING, SR., father of his first wife MARY, mother of MARY MANNING, wife of ROGER HODGES.
There are several HODGES whose arrival in the Colony of Virginia are recorded in Nugents "Cavaliers and Pioneers" but ROGER'S is not unless he is the HODGES whose first name it blotted out.
And, while ROGER'S land holdings in Norfolk had their humble beginning in the twenty acres given MARY, probably the first child of ROGER and his wife MARY MANNING, he was soon to acquire more from the same source as recorded in Norfolk Records Book 6, p. 209. This too is not readable due possibly to fading and damaged by water.
On Sept. 4, 1680, he patented 250 acres in Lower Norfolk Co., (Grant Book 7, Part I, p. 55) and in April 1693 ROGER HODGES, JOHN CREEKMORE and EDMUND CREEKMORE patented 1920 acres on the south side of the Northwest River in Norfolk Co. Va.
The account of the division of this tract was recorded in Norfolk Records Book 5 - p. 214 on March 15, 1693/4.
"The surveyors having surveyed a tract of land about 1900 acres on the Southwest side of the
Northwest River, and patented the same and having by proclamation put on a sale of lots of the
said land -- this is to say part of the said land is to belong to JOHN CREEKMORE, another part
of said land is to belong to ROGER HODGES, and the lower part is to belong to EDMUND
By profession ROGER HODGES, SR., was a cooper, and he seems to have been successful enough that several of his sons and grandsons followed his trade as long as they resided in tidewater Virginia. Tobacco was the medium of exchange in the Southern Colonies and making hogsheads in which to ship it to European markets was a satisfactory occupation to at least three generations of this HODGES family.
Before his death in 1708 ROGER HODGES had acquired the distinction of being addressed as CAPTAIN ROGER HODGES but whether this title was one of respect, of a maritime nature or for military service, we do not know, although the fact that it seems to have been bestowed late in life would indicate it to be one of respect.
The will of ROGER HODGES like many of those of early 1700's is destroyed. However, from other documents of Norfolk, we have reconstructed the family of CAPT. ROGER HODGES and his wife, MARY MANNING, daughter of JOHN MANNING, SR. who were married about 1665-1668 in Virginia, since the MANNINGS had lived there even before 1648.
(Oct. 25, 1648; "200 acres granted to JOHN MANNING in Lower Norfolk Co. on the N. W. side
of Gayther's Creek being a branch of the southwest branch of Elizabeth River running unto the
lands of MARMADUKE MERRIMAN due unto said MANNING for the transfer of WM.
BAXTER, CHRISTOPHER COLLINS, MARTHA BRICE and FRANCIS ROBINSON"
"Cavaliers and Pioneers" p. 180.)
I. CAPT. ROGER HODGES of Norfolk Co., Va. and his wife MARY MANNING had issue:
1. MARY HODGES born before 1669 died before 1703; Never Married.
2. THOMAS HODGES, Cooper (Deed Bk. 7, p. 35 & 36, 1703).
3. RICHARD HODGES who owned 375 a. in Norfolk in 1704 (Deed- ROGER HODGES to RICHARD HODGES Bk. 6, p. 115, illegible, 1679 will of RICHARD TAYLOR names godchild RICHARD HODGES. ROGER HODGES was TAYLOR'S brother-in-law).
4. JOSEPH HODGES, Cooper, of Norfolk Co. b @ 1671; m. (1) SARAH before 1705; m. (2) MARY before 1720; m. (3) MARTHA JORDAN widow before 1733, d. 1766.
5. ROGER HODGES the younger, b. @ 1675, d. 1716 (Bk. 9, p. 541) m. before 1701 MARY, daughter of GEORGE BALLENTINE SR., of Norfolk Co. (McIntires-Wills of Norfolk)
6. BENJAMINE HODGES - called brother of JOSEPH (Deed Bk. 22, p. 246) Also spoken of as son-in-law by EDWARD DAVIS who married ROGER'S widow. Son-in-law usually meant stepson in that era.
7. MARY WILLIAMS called daughter-in-law (step-daughter) by EDWARD DAVIS.
8. Perhaps ELINOR, wife of JOHN PAGE (Elinor was a favorite name in the MANNING family. On Dec. 30, 1695 ROGER HODGES and his wife, MARY, for no stated consideration deed 50 acres adj. JOHN MANNING to JOHN PAGE (Bk. 6, p. 57).
9. Perhaps JOAN, wife of JOHN ALDRIDGE, similar deed as one to JOHN PAGE (Book 6, p. 57) July 29, 1696.
On page 11 of Bk. 8 Norfolk Co. records the minutes of the Norfolk Court of May 1708 are recorded. On that day "MARY HODGES, relick and widow of CAPT. ROGER HODGES, appeared and added to the inventory some small things omitted and forgotten in the inventory formerly given by her:
"to Bulton - gold one burlott
To JOHN MURPHRAY 2 piggins
To JOHN WILLIAMS..----
To EDWARD RICHARDSON part of a hide RICHARD HODGES had.
Virginia, settled 1607, was not more than sixty years old at the time ROGER HODGES and MARY MANNING were married, and although the former was probably a new-comer to the Virginia scene, during their thirty years of married life, they lived in a sizeable nest of his wife's relatives.
The will of her father, JOHN MANNING, as well as that of her husband is lost but later records of Norfolk Co. help to establish several members of the MANNING family, as they did the family of ROGER HODGES.
The first of these, a deed from JOHN MANNING I) and wife LIDIA, disposes of 500 acres on Garths (Gayters) Creek in the southern branch of Elizabeth River which adjoined a tract of land belonging to MARMADUKE MERRINGTON and NICHOLAS ROBINSON (Book E. p. 38).
This gives us the name of the last wife of JOHN MANNING I). She was LIDIA RICHARDSON. Bans. of matrimony for JOHN MANNING and LIDIA RICHARDSON were posted in the court of Lower Norfolk Co. in Feb. 1659. MANNING'S first wife was MARY, probably WHYTE and his children were by her. Their children were:
1. MARY, wife of ROGER HODGES in 1669.
2. JOHN MANNING who was his father's heir and of age before Feb. 15, 1672 (Bk. E., p. 136), married SARAH MORTON, daughter of WILLIAM and ANN MORTON (Wills of ANN MORTON (Book 4, p. 14) and of WM. MORTON, JR. (Book 7, p. 35 Norfolk Co. 1703/4) He died 1716 leaving sons JOSEPH, JOHN III, WILLIAM and THOMAS MANNING. (Norfolk Records Bk. 9, p. 570).
3. MARGARET TAYLOR, wife of RICHARD who died in 1679 (Wills of Norfolk Co. 1637-1710 p. 65). In this will RICHARD names his wife MARGARET and children JOHN, RICHARD, MARGARET and SUSAN; his God-children RICHARD HODGES and ELIZABETH DAVIS. The will was witnessed by ROGER HODGES and ELLINOR OWENS.
In the same year, 1679, his widow, MARGARET, also died and left will which provides for the future care of her orphaned children:
MARGARET was to be left in the care of brother, ROGER HODGES,
SUSANNAH with brother THOS. MANNING,
My sonne RICHARD, to friend, WILLIAM OWENS.
Son, THOMAS, at dispostion of overseers.
Son, JOHN, may choose whom he will live with.
The first RICHARD TAYLOR, aged 50, came to Va., in 1608. He was a member of the Convention of 1625 and of the House of Burgesses 1627/8).
4. THOMAS MANNING mentioned with ROGER HODGES husband of MARY MANNING as brother by MARGARET TAYLOR, probably married, first the daughter of FRANCIS NASH who in 1686 mention young THOS. MANNING in his will. THOMAS evidently married second, the mother of JOHN WATTFORD who in 1694 calls THOMAS MANNING his father-in-law (step father) and his (Wattford's) brothers, SOLOMON, THOMAS and JOHN MANNING, and sister SARAH MANNING (Book 5, p. 219).
5. ELLINOR first wife of WILLIAM OWEN, SR. ELLINOR OWEN with ROGER HODGES witnessed the 1679 will of RICHARD TAYLOR. The will of WM. OWEN, SR. (Book 9, p. 45 Norfolk Co.) names his three bros-in-law EDWARD DAVIS, RICHARD TAYLOR and RICHARD LEVELLING. (Dated Dec. 10, 1710).
Before May 15, 1710, MARY HODGES, widow of ROGER HODGES had married EDWARD DAVIS (Deed bk. 8, p. 154).
At the time of his death WM. OWEN had wife, MARY, so we surmise that ELLINOR OWEN who signed the will of MARGARET MANNING TAYLOR was ELLINOR MANNING and OWEN'S first wife.
6. The wife of RICHARD LEWELLING.
7. Perhaps, NICHOLAS MANNING who married ELIZABETH, daughter of JUDITH JOYCE ROSE (Will of JUDITH ROSE dated 1704 in Norfolk Co. Va.)
8. Perhaps, JAMES MANNING, who in 1671/2 was given power of attorney by JOHN BRETT in Isle of Wight Co.
There was a THOMAS MANNING in early Norfolk records who was a contemporary of JOHN MANNING I) who may have been father of No. 8 above.
The first JOHN MANNING died before Jan. 18, 1670 on which date his neighbors NICHOLAS ROBINSON and MARMADUKE WARRINGTON app. his estate (Norfolk Court Orders 1666-72 p. 32). On Feb. 15, 1672, EDWARD NORRINGTON (probably MERRINGTON or WARRINGTON) and his wife LIDIA, deed to JOHN MANNING II) "a tract of land where I now live, being ye land my aforesaid wife had of her former husband, JOHN MANNING, dec'd, lying and being in a creek, commonly called Julian's Creek."
Before his death in 1708, ROGER HODGES and wife, MARY, in two separate deeds each dated March 3, 1682, conveyed for an unnamed consideration small tracts of land to THOMAS WILLOUGHBY and HENRY DALE. The fact that records show that in 1689 WILLOUGHBY had wife, MARGARET, indicates that MARGARET HODGES been the daughter of RICHARD and MARGARET TAYLOR, who was left in the care of her uncle, ROGER HODGES in 1679. Perhaps the wife of DALE was SUSANNAH TAYLOR, her sister, also now grown.
While definite tracing of the lineage of ROGER HODGES I) beyond himself and that of his wife, MARY, beyond JOHN and MARY MANNING, does not seem possible at this time, we can say that indications are strong that there was an early connection to the "WILLIS" family.
That there was also one to the WHITE family is less evident but more logical according to the records available to us.
In fact, there are few WILLIS records in Norfolk and they do nothing to explain why WILLIS, as a given name appears in the early part of the eighteenth century not only persistantly in the HODGES connection, but also in the sons and grandsons of several of their close neighbors and associates.
According to a reference in Norfolk Co., Court Records, Bk. D. p. 19B, dated Jan. 1658/9 JOHN WILLIS and wife MARY, were defendants in a suit with COL. THOS. LAMBERT. They would have been old enough to have been the foreparents of these numerous citizens called by the given name of WILLIS. There any no further records of them and the 1770 will of a late JOHN WILLIS of Princess Ann Co., fails to shed any light on the subject. It would have been the will of a grandson of the first JOHN and MARY.
The first with this given names was WILLIS WILSON, a grown man in 1712, but neither his will nor that of his father or brothers indicate why about then or a little later, records introduce WILLIS ETHEREDGE, WILLIS CHERRY, WILLIS FEREBEE and between 1700 and 1750 at least three different WILLIS HODGES among the descendants of three different sons of ROGER HODGES I):
One explanation could be that they descended from a common ancestor JOSEPH WILLIS the was transported to Va. in 1639 by GEORGE MENIFIE who received land in nearby Charles City County, the supposition being that the CHERRY S. FEREBEES and ETHEREDGES as well as the HODGES used the name JOSEPH in the first generations and then substituted WILLIS for the JOSEPH in the latter ones. Since we have no proof that ROGER HODGES I) was not born in the colony, it is possible that the WILLIS line came through him and he, himself, was reared in some nearby county whose records are destroyed. Gloucester Co. where an early RICHARD HODGES resided, was also seat of a WILLIS Connection.
On the other hand a relationship between the WHITE and MANNING families would certainly be logical was we know from the land patents extracted and printed in "Cavaliers and Pioneers" that JOHN MANNING, who was granted 200 acres on Gaythers Creek on the Southern branch of Elizabeth River in Lower Norfolk Co. moved into a neighborhood soon to be or already occupied by THOMAS ETHEREDGE, MARMADUKE MERRINGTON (or WARRINGTON) NICHOLAS ROBINSON and THOMAS WHITE all of whom were granted land on Gaythers Creek, before 1660.
In fact, THOMAS WHITE was already living in Va. before he, with PETER SEXTON, were granted 450 a. at the mouth of Gaythers Creek in 1654 (p. 247 of "Cavaliers and Pioneers"). He was no doubt the THOMAS WHITE who was headright of THOMAS SAWYER 10 March 1637 when SAWYER patented 250 acres two miles up the East Branch of Elizabeth River for importation of WHITE and four others. MARY WHITE aged 17 in 1651 was probably unmarried and daughter of THOMAS (Witnessed will in Lower Norfolk).
In 1639, "JOHN WHITE, gentleman, for his own personal adventure, received 50 acres in Lower Co. of New Norfolk adj. Julian's, his neck" (a neck was a narrow strip of land lying between two more or less parallel streams) (p. 111 of "Cavaliers and Pioneers.)
Perhaps Gaythers Creek later became Julian's Creek, the name Julians being bestowed on one of the streams rather than the land.
It was land on Julian's Creek that was deeded by JOHN MANNING in 1669 and described as being part of 300 a. bought of THOMAS WHITE. It was also 160 acres on Julian's Creek that JOSEPH HODGES sold 1723 reserving a small plot where his father, CAPT. ROGER HODGES and other members of the family were of buried, and the 20 acres which JOHN MANNING gave to his granddau. in 1669, was on this same creek.
It would be interesting to know if these WHITES: THOMAS, JOHN and RICHARD, who were living in Lower Norfolk in 1645, and NICHOLAS who was transported to near-by Isle of Wight Co. by Edward Rogers May 14, 1636 (p. 82 C. and P.) were sons or grandsons of JOHN WHITE who headed the ill-fated first English settlement in the North American continent in 1585. This was on Roanoke Island in Currituck Bay barely south of what is the Norfolk Co. Va., boundary. VIRGINIA DARE, first white child born in America, was WHITE'S granddaughter and of course
was lost with her father and mother and the entire colony while WHITE was in England pleading for ships to take food and relief to his settlers on Roanoke Island.
In 1689, THOMAS WILLOUGHBY of the County of Lower Norfolk and wife, MARGARET, for £ 2 sterling, in to RICHARD CHURCH of the same county a small piece of land commonly called by the name of Whites Island in Curotuck in the county aforesaid bounded by that part of Currituck Bay which lies within the landbanks of the two Islands, Roanoke and Currituck, containing 2600 acres of land. The Islands formerly belonging to COL. LEMUEL MASON, COL. RICHARD FOSTER, THOS. JARVIS and my father, THOS. WILLOUGHBY decd. CHURCH to have 1/3 of White Island (Book 5, p. 104, Norfolk Co. Records).
This deed is most interesting. This THOMAS WILLOUGHBY is either son or grandson of the first THOS. WILLOUGHBY who came to Va. in 1610 aged 9 years, evidently with his father, THOMAS WILLOUGHBY; COL. LEMUEL MASON was son of FRANCIS MASON, who came 1613. Whites Island is hard by Roanoke Island and Currituck Co. N. C. was then considered (1689) a part of Lower Norfolk.
Granting that MARY, or first wife of JOHN MANNING, was probably MARY WHITE, daughter of either THOMAS of Gaythers Creek, or JOHN Of Juliana Creek, it is not impossible that the WILLIS line also comes through her mother's side. Both THOMAS and JOHN WHITE were men, grown when they came to Va., and no doubt married already or soon after.
As we have already stated NICHOLAS WHITE was transported to Isle of Wight Co. 14 May 1636 (p. 82 C. & P.)
NICHOLAS WILLIS was son-in-law in 1700 of EDWARD DAVIS of Princess Ann Co., formerly part of Lower New Norfolk (Book 1, p. 266 P.A. Records).
JOHN and MARY MANNING were probably parents of NICHOLAS MANNING son-in-law to JUDITH ROSE in 1704.
"Cavaliers and Pioneers" does not cover two years of land patents to Va. which are lost. Also it covers fragmentarily the era of the "Ancient Planters" before land was given as a headright which would have been to April 1619. And while neither this excellent book nor the Quit Rent. Roll of 1704, list numerous WILLIS families in this area, fragmentary records of Gloucester, York and Charles City Cos. prove they were there early and were numerous. A RICHARD HODGES lived there at the right time to have been father of ROGER, who is not mentioned in "Cavaliers and Pioneers" as an immigrant. MARY, dau. of JOSEPH HODGES, was christened in Gloucester Co. We will see that RICHARD, as a given name, is used even more frequently than WILLIS among HODGES men.
So much for the possibility of relationship of HODGES to WILLIS or WHITE. While this is not offered as a fact, we feel it to be worthy of mention since it is doubtful if public records will ever yield any further proof in this direction.
Early records of Norfolk, Princess Ann and Isle of Wight, still legible, have been thoroughly searched as well as those of early adjacent North Carolina. With records of Nansemond, Warwick, Chas. City, James City and Gloucester Cos. tragically destroyed and those of York partially so, there seems little likelihood of definite proof beyond the point we have already gone unless it is from private records, or the answer could lie in England.
While we have been unable to establish any definite relationship of ROGER HODGES to any other of that name in Va. there were others in the same area who were his contemporaries and at least one who preceeded him.
II. The will of EDWARD HODGE, d. June 10, 1649, is recorded in Norfolk Co. Records, Book B. p. 119. In it he named his brother MR. SAMUEL HODGE, merchant, his friend MR. CORNELIUS LOYD and left to WM. ROBINSON his plantation in Lynn haven. There are no further records in Norfolk of SAMUEL.
III. Another HODGE of Norfolk, whose career there was short lived is ROBERT HODGE born 1648, died 1681 who married ALICE, daughter of COL. LEMUEL MASON. Since his wife was expecting their first child at the time of his death, there has been much speculation as to which HODGES family may have come from this marriage. Perhaps it will be disappointing to some to know that the records prove that this only child was a girl, MARY HODGES. The will of ROBERT HODGE d. Sept. 10, 1681, p. Oct. 18, 1681 names:
1. His wife, ALICE, who was with child,
2. His father-in-law, COL. LEMUEL MASON,
3. Brother, ALEXANDER HODGE.
4. His brother, THOMAS HODGE.
5. Brother JOHN HODGE of Dartmouth who had sons, ROBERT and JOHN (in England).
6. His sister MARY SHEPHARD, wife of PETER.
Executors: ANTHONY LAWSON and BENNONI BURRUS.
Witnesses: PAT ANGUS, ANTHONY LAWSON, BEN BURRUSS, DAVID WHITFORD
(Vol. 1, p. 79 "Norfolk Co. Wills 1635-1710" - McIntosch).
From additional documents in Norfolk we are advised that ROBERT was preceeded in Va. by his brother WILLIAM and that his mother was BARBARA HODGE, widow, of Modbury in England, (Aug. 19, 1667, Book E, p. 29, Norfolk Records).
On page 54 of the same book ROBERT JONES of Modebury in Co. of Devon "do appoint RONALD JONES of Linhaven in Co. Lower Norfolk Va. my attorney for the settlement of the estate of my brother WILLIAM HODGE in ye said county. May 22, 1669. (Book E. p. 47)
JOHN HODGE of Dartmouth, In Devon, Eng. gave similar power of attorney to his well beloved brother ROBERT HODGE in 1671.
ROBERT'S widow, ALlCE, married at least twice after his death. First to WM. PORTEEN and later to SAMUEL BOUSH, SR.
Her will dated 1736 and probated 1748 mentions: MRS. MILLER'S children, the HAIRS, JOHN IVYS daughter, MARY, and SAMUEL BOUSH. (Book H, p. 233 Norfolk Co. Records)
That ROBERT'S only Child was MARY HODGE, or HODGES, is proven by two documents in Norfolk.
(1) Deed d. Feb. 16, 1682/3 "Benoni Burruss of Lynnhaven in Lower Norfolk to MARY HODGES, daughter of ROBERT HODGES, late of said co 200 acres sold by BURRUSS to ROBERT HODGE in his life-time. BURRUSS acting now as guardian of ROBERT HODGE'S child, grants and confirms unto MARY HODGE lawful daughter and heir of the above said, ROBERT HODGE, said tract of land." (Book 4, p. 135 Norfolk Records.)
(2) From a later record we are advised that MARY HODGES, daughter of ROBERT, lived to a marriageable age and about 1705 claimed the estate of her father in her own right (Book 7, p. 43).
A later deed, dated 9-4-1720, identifies her as the wife of WILLIAM MILLER and in her will dated 3-22-1741 she names her children: sons, MATHIAS, HENRY and MASON; her daughters, MARY and ALICE IVY.
IV. Another contemporary of ROGER HODGES was CAPTAIN THOMAS HODGE who appears in the Norfolk Co. Records about 1676.
It has not been determined whether there was any relationship between THOMAS HODGES and the family of ROGER HODGES I) of Norfolk or whether he was the THOMAS HODGES brother of ROBERT HODGE of Modebury, England and Norfolk Co. This is unlikely since THOMAS born in 1637 ("Va Colonial Executative Journal Vol. I p. 180) was 11 years older than ROBERT of 1681 will. He was in Va. before the death of ROBERT for in Aug. 1676, he served with JAMES JOSEY, EDMOND BILLSON, and ROBT. PULE (or POWELL) as Overseers of the estate of Governor RICHARD BENNETT, quaker, who resided in Nansemond Co. If older and in Va. at the time of ROBERT'S death, he would have settled his brother's affairs. Fortunately Bennett's will is among the few of Nansemond Co. which are preserved.
Perhaps there was some connection between THOMAS, and a JOHN HODGES who was transported to Virginia in 1648 by MR. PHILIP BENNETT who received 515 acres in Upper Norfolk Co. for bringing JOHN HODGES and 9 others to the colony.
Nansemond County adjoined Norfolk on the west and until 1642 was officially called Upper Norfolk Co. and the name evidently was in usage for some time thereafter.
MR. THOMAS HODGES patented 707 acres in Lower Norfolk Co. on Oct. 6, 1684 (Land Grants Vol. 7 part I p. 430)
The 1704 Quit Rent shows that he owned 407 acres in Norfolk Co. at that time. His son and heir JOHN HODGES owned 526 acres which were located on the Western Branch of Elizabeth River very near to the Nansemond Co. line.
CAPT. THOMAS HODGES served for years and up until his death as a member of the County Court of Norfolk. In the last several years of this service he was joined by his son, JOHN HODGES, in this capacity.
He also served on the Legislative Council of Colonial Virginia. On November 14, 1691, CAPTAIN THOMAS HODGES presented the following two bills:
1. An act ascertaining the place for the erection of the College of William & Mary (read for first time).
2. An act laying an importation tax upon skins and furs for the better support of the College of William and Mary.
(Legislative Journal of Council of Colonial Va., Vo. I, p. 144 and 205).
Thus THOMAS HODGES of Norfolk had the distinction of presenting to the Colonial government the plan for founding the first college in Virginia and the second oldest university in the United States today.
THOMAS HODGES married (1) ELIZABETH WILLIAMS daughter of EDWARD WILLIAMS and his wife ELIZABETH as shown by deed of gift from the WILLIAMS to their children. (Deeds and Wills of Norfolk Co. Bk 5 p. 128, dated April 23, 1690).
Their only son and perhaps their only child was JOHN HODGES of the Western Branch of Elizabeth River (Norfolk Records Bk. 8, p. 143).
JOHN married ELIZABETH MORE only daughter and heir of WILLIAM MORE (Book 9, p. 229 Norfolk Co.)
The only other indication of a relationship to THOMAS HODGES in the Norfolk records is contained in the will of ROBERT ROUSE dated 1687 and naming as his bros-in-law JOHN HODGES and THOMAS HODGES (Norfolk Co. Wills Vol. I, p. 109, McIntosch).
This will also mentions MARY HOLLOWELL as kinswoman. The 1681 will of THOMAS HOLLOWELL, was witnessed by THOMAS HODGES, ROBERT BOWERS and HENRY BOWERS (Vol. I, p. 113).
During this era there are no records in Norfolk to indicate that a JOHN HODGES resided there but he might have lived in adjoining Nansemond.
Before his death in the summer of 1708, THOMAS HODGES married FRANCES _______, a widow.
At the Norfolk Court of September 15, 1708, MRS. FRANCES HODGES is granted administration of the estate of MR. THOMAS HODGES (Book 8, p. 24).
The inventory of the estate of THOMAS was begun 10 Feb. 1708/9 and finished 25 Feb. 1708/9. It takes 4 1/2 pages of a legal sized book to enumerate, beginning on page 53 of Book 8,
On page 55 his slaves were listed as follows TONY, MOLL, CASEY, ROGER, COLLEY, BESS and PEGGY, and were divided by consent; TONY and MOLL for MRS. FRANCES HODGES and ROGER, COLLEY, BESS, PEGGY and CASEY for CAPT. JOHN HODGES.
"Estate appraised for £95, 16 shilling 4 pense not including cattle, sheep etc. and old lumber divided by consent. Sworn to at ye Court by MRS. FRANCES HODGES Admx. to be a true inventory of ye estate of MR. THOS. HODGIS dec'd and hath been divided between and with the consent of JOHN HODGIS, his son, a sum of money and ye plantation."
1. Captain JOHN HODGES son of THOMAS was deceased within six years. His will recorded in Book 9, p. 330 was dated May 27, 1714 and proved Aug. 20, 1714, made legacies as follows:
(1) Dau. ELIZABETH - five negroes, stock.
(2) Daughter MARY 2 negroes, stock, furniture.
(3) Daughter KATHERINE 2 negroes, stock, furniture.
(4) Daughter JUDITH 2 negroes, stock.
(5) Son WILLIAM, lands when he comes of age.
(6) Wife, ELIZABETH, the manor plantation during her life and privilege of keeping and driving stock on my land above the head of the Western branch of Elizabeth River which I have in partnership with WM. POWELL.
(7) Mother-in-law (step-mother) FRANCES HODGIS, widow of my father, slaves in her possession.
All children were minors. Also a son, JOHN HODGES
ELIZABETH, widow of JOHN married in 1720 SAMPSON POWER.
WILLIAM HODGES son of JOHN, had at least one son who was JAMES HODGES and who had wife, MARY.
This JAMES lived for a while at least in Nansemond Co. On Dec. 10, 1757 he sold to WILLIAM SHEPHERD also of Nansemond "all that tract of land lying and being in the county of Norfolk on the head of the Western Branch adj. ROBERT BOWERS, ABSALOM CIVIL and JOHN PURKENS" (Deed Bk. 18, p. 73).
Before June 17, 1762, JAMES had moved his residence back to Norfolk.
"JAMES HODGES and MARY his wife, son of WILLIAM HODGES of the Western Branch of Norfolk Co. to JEREMIAH CREECH a tract of land on the headwaters of the Western Branch of Elizabeth River known by the name of Part of Beach Ridge containing 100 acres which sd. JAMES had of his father, WILLIAM." (Deed Bk. 20, p. 94).
This land had been deeded June 10, 1712 by LEWIS CONNER to JOHN HODGES and his wife ELIZABETH - a plantation commonly known by the name of Part of Beach Ridge and being at the head of the Westermost branch of Elizabeth River." (Deed Bk. 9, p. 230)
Without doubt GENERAL JOHN HODGES of fame in the War of 1812 was of this line.
"GENERAL JOHN HODGES descended from WILLIAM HODGES of Hodges Ferry Plantation on the Western Branch of Elizabeth River in Norfolk Co. Va. The said WILLIAM HODGES had a son WILLIAM who married LIDIA THOMAS on July 4, 1760. They had a son WILLIAM who married SALLY DEANS and were the parents of GEN. JOHN HODGES. Born Dec. 31, 1786." (Va. Historical Mag. Vol. 17, p. 98).
WILLIAM HODGES I) possibly married twice as indicated by the following Norfolk Co. Deed (Deed Bk. 1759- 1761, p. 195).
"WILLIAM HODGES and wife ELIZABETH Of Norfolk Co. Va. to JAMES HODGES of same for £ 40 a plantation lying and being in the Western Branch of Elizabeth River opposite the plantation of JOHN HODGES adj. THOMAS HAIR."
The will of MRS. FRANCES HODGES, widow of CAPT. THOMAS HODGES was probated in Norfolk Co. July 17, 1730 but fails to mention any HODGES heirs. Through it we know that she had a daughter ELIZABETH wife of EDWARD THURSTON, a daughter FRANCES, wife of MR. THOMAS NELSON and a grand-son-in-law MR. JACOB WALKER, evidently married to one of the daughters of JOHN HODGES.
II SECOND GENERATION
I. JOSEPH HODGES, SON OF ROGER I)
After the death of ROGER HODGES, his widow married EDWARD DAVIS, as proved in a deed recorded on page 154, Book 8 dated May 15, 1710.
"EDWARD DAVIS as marrying MARY. HODGES, widow of ROGER HODGES dec'd did become in right of her dower of land, now in occupation of JOSEPH HODGES, son of the said ROGER and MARY HODGES.
EDWARD DAVIS gives said land and title to JOSEPH HODGES."
Eighteen years previous, JOSEPH received by deed 50 acres of land adj. WM. ETHEREDGE from CORNELIUS ELLIS (Book 5 Part I, p. 185 . Jan. 17, 1692). This fixes the date of JOSEPH'S birth as not later than 1671. From this date until his death in 1766 JOSEPH lived an active life and transacted much business, even up to the year of his death although he was then at least 95 Years of age. However, this 50 acres which he purchased of CORNELIUS ELLIS, he sold July 17, 1693 to LAWRENCE COPPINGER but for some reason still owned this land in 1704. Since JOSEPH, like his father, ROGER, was a cooper, and not a planter, it was not necessary that he own a quantity of land to make a living."
In Deed Bk. 7, p. 79, "JOSEPH HODGES of Elizabeth River in the County of Norfolk with the consent of my wife, SARAH HODGES, do sell to AMOS ETHEREDGE of ye Southern Branch 50 acres adj. WILLIAM ETHEREDGE."
This was the land purchased by HODGES: in 1692 and this latter deed dated June 19, 1705 establishes the fact that he had wife, SARAH, at this time.
SARAH was probably his first wife though at an earlier date, 1694, both JOSEPH and a REBECKA HODGES witnessed the will of JOHN BIGGS, SR. If she was his wife she may have been either sister or daughter of CORNEUUS ELLIS, or a dau. of his wife. He was adm. of TIM. HARVEY @ 1670.
On June 19, 1723 "JOSEPH HODGES of Norfolk Co. cooper and MARY, his wife, deed to WM. WALLACE of same Co. for 5 shillings, 129 acres of land and wood on the west side of the Southern Branch of Elizabeth River adjacent to lands of THOMAS HERBERT and JOHN and JOSEPH MANNING, divised to said JOSEPH by the last will and testament of his father, CAPT. ROGER HODGES." (Book 2, p. 80) We are advised by this document that JOSEPH'S wife, SARAH, is dead and he is now married to MARY_______.
Aug. 16, 1723 "recent indenture to verify another of JOSEPH HODGES and wife MARY for £ 25 money of Va. paid by WM. WALLACE whereby they acknowledge and confirm to WM. WALLACE said land in his possession, 129 acres except a piece of ground 34 foot by 10 foot where said JOSEPH'S father and others of said family have been buried here-to-fore" (Book 2, p. 81).
In 1730 Tax List of Norfolk CO. JOSEPH HODGES and two sons are listed as taxable in the district between Suggs Mill and the Great Bridge. These sons had to be fourteen years of age or older to be included in the tax. None of the sons of JOSEPH showed up in independent households in this tax list (Va. Geneologist Jan.- May 1963)
These two sons who were approaching maturity in 1730 were JAMES and probably JOSEPH, JR.
In 1733 THOMAS JORDAN of Nansemond Co. released to JOSEPH HODGES of Norfolk Co. in right of HODGE'S wife, MARTHA, formerly wife of his father, THOMAS JORDAN, four slaves that is, TONY, SAM, PHOEBE, FRANK.
Of these four slaves, PHOEBE and SAM were bequeathed, in 1758, to the children of JAMES, son of JOSEPH HODGES, in their father's will.
Having established the first names of various wiles of JOSEPH HODGES, son of ROGER and MARY MANNING, b @ 1670; d. 1766; m. (1) before 1705 SARAH ____;m. (2) before 1720 MARY, probably FEREBEE; m. (3) before 1733 MARTHA widow of THOS. JORDAN (1) and MORTALL (2) every effort has been made to prove their family names but without success, except for wife MARY and certain information on MARTHA.
(Will of JAMES JORDAN MORTALL d. 1742, mother exctr.
Probate to MARTHA HODGES)
According to his will dated Nov. 1765, and proved August 1766; and other documents in Norfolk Co. and adjoining area, JOSEPH'S children were:
1. JAMES HODGES, b. 1705-1710; d. 1758 in Pasquotank Co. N.C. m. (1) about 1735 MARY PORTLOCK, daughter of JOHN PORTLOCK, JR.; m. (2) before 1757 MIRIAM STOKELY, widow, probably MIRIAM LAMB (Deed Bk. 18, p. 30)
(1) JAMES HODGES will d. Feb. 2, 1758, P. Mar, 1758 recorded in Grimes "Wills and Inventories of North Carolina" p. 253. (2) Deed JAMES HODGES, cooper, to JOHN EDMONDS, Feb. 13, 1736, signed JAMES and MARY HODGES. (3) Will of JOHN PORTLOCK, JR. d. 1742 p. 1743/4 names son JOHN III) daus. MARY HODGES and ANNE WHITEHURST, small children, wife SARAH). Also his estate settlement (Deed Bk. H p. 119) names JAMES HODGES and SMITH WHITEHURST as husbands of his daughters, (1744).
2. JOSEPH HODGES, JR. business partner of his brother JAMES died in 1761, had wife LIDIA at time of death.
3. WILLIAM HODGES died 1764, left wife ANN and children JOSEPH, ANNE, MARY, SUSANNE mentioned in their grandfather's will.
4. FEREBEE HODGES, mentioned in the will of JAMES HODGES of Pasquotank and also in will of his father JOSEPH. He was a blacksmith in Portsmouth and had wife MARY when he died in 1779. Mentions only wife and one son, SAMUEL HODGES.
5. MARY HODGES possibly only daughter of JOSEPH, named first in his will, was bapt. Oct. 18, 1717 in Abingdon Parish Gloucester Co. Va.; m. (1) WILLIAM BRESSIE before 1746; m. (2) PATRICK KEATON who died before November 15, 1752 and left a wife, MARY, and daughter, MARY and SARAH. Excts. JOSEPH HODGES, SR. and BENJ. HODGES, SR. (Wills of Norfolk Vo. II) On April 23, 1759. JOSEPH HODGES, signed the marriage bond of WILLIAM EVANS and MARY KEATON, The 1766 will of JOSEPH HODGES names his daughter MARY EVANS and his grandson WILLIAM BRESSIE.
6. Son, CHARLES to have home plantation.
7. Son, STEPHEN, a negro boy named GEORGE. STEPHEN in 1769 had wife, MARTHA.
8. Son, BENJAMINE, a negro boy named JAMMY.
JOSEPH HODGES was of the second known generation of his paternal line in this country. Having produced with the help of three wives, seven sons to carry on his name, he had made a solid contribution to the history of the HODGES of America. In the next generation, we will follow only the direct tine from him to JOHN W. HODGES of Texas, except where additional data is needed for clarification.
Since he had three, possibly four, wives and only the first names of these several wives art definitely known with no dates of their deaths, or his children's births it is almost impossible to place his children within the proper marriage.
There are no records to prove that REBECKA HODGES who signed the 1694 will of JOHN BIGGS was the wife of JOSEPH who was also a witness but JOSEPH was of marriageable age at that time having been born not later than 1671, so there is a possibility she was his wife but if so we believe that they were childless or had only daughters who preceeded him in death. As we have seen his will mentions only one daughter but it also fails to mention two of his sons who were already deceased.
As for sons, however, the 1730 tax list of Norfolk County fails to list any of JOSEPH'S several sons in separate households and only two in his own were old enough to be enumerated in that of their father. These, who had to be sixteen years of age or older, were probably JOSEPH, JR. and JAMES. Since all of the sons of JOSEPH resided in Norfolk Co., we therefore believe that the first of them were by his wife SARAH to whom he was married in 1705 or earlier.
The fact that CORNELIUS ELLIS bound himself in the sum of 7000 lbs. of tobo to deliver the said 50 acres to JOSEPH HODGES in Jan. 1692 could mean it was a deed of gift and of significance. CORNELIUS ELLIS was probably the brother of WM. ELLIS.
Another wife's family name of which we have strong evidence is that of the wife, MARY, whom we believe to have been MARY FEREBEE, daughter of JOHN FEREBEE and his wife, ELIZABETH, who previously was the wife of WILLIAM ELLIS, SR. and of RICHARD POWELL who died 1657.
JOHN FEREBEE lived in the vicinity of the ROGER HODGES family and his signature appears on many of the documents of this connection.
A deed recorded in Norfolk Deeds & Wills Bk. 7 p. 62 dated Feb. 14, 1704, conveys to THOMAS and JAMES FEREBEE by their father JOHN FEREBEE to each 200 acres of land patented to him April 4, 1685. To JAMES then only eleven years old and the youngest of the FEREBEE children, "my plantation where I live it being 200 acres." It then provides that "if JAMES die before manhood the land is to revert to the donor and is then to go to his daughter, MARY FEREBEE."
In the next century the name FEREBEE was a popular one for both boys and girls across Va. N.C. and Tenn. but FEREBEE HODGES, son of JOSEPH was the first to bear that given name
We believe that his mother was MARY the second wife of JOSEPH HODGES and that she was MARY FEREBEE, daughter of JOHN.
MARY HODGES born 1717 may have been daughter of either SARAH or MARY. While she bore the name of the, second wife, we know that her grandmother JOSEPH'S mother was MARY MANNING. The will of JOSEPH HODGES, SR. names as a grandchild only WILLIAM BRASSIE but we know that MARY enjoyed two later marriages. The will of her second husband, PATRICK KEATON, names his wife MARY and daughters SARAH and MARY. SARAH named first was probably the older of the two and could have been named for the wife's mother. This was a common custom of that and many generations.
WILLIAM HODGES who was married and had at least four children before his death in 1764 was also probably the son of this middle marriage to MARY FEREBEE.
But, sons CHARLES, STEPHEN and likely BENJAMINE were more probably son of the JORDAN marriage which took place before 1733.
It's possible that MARTHA, the widow of THOS. JORDAN who was JOSEPH'S last wife, was a MILES (or MYLES or MYALS).
About the time of this last marriage of JOSEPH when he was about sixty years of age, he, with CAPTAIN R. JOLE, CAPT. JOHN SANDERS and MR. SOLOMON WILSON, were called to Williamsburg, to attend a meeting of the executive Council of Colonial Virginia and to testify, in a case of piracy, involving JOHN BROWN, master of the Brigatine, "Three Brothers." The case was dismissed (Vol. IV. p. 266).
JOSEPH HODGES, his father, ROGER; his brother, THOMAS; and nephew, RICHARD; his sons, JAMES and JOSEPH, JR., and even, in their early years, JAMES son's JAMES, JR. and WILLIS, depended for their livelihood on the sea. Situated as they were at the entrance to: Chesapeke Bay, and in what is still today one of the great maritime centers of the world, they and many of their neighbors took fun advantage of this location. With the sea in front of them, innumerable protected harbors in every river and creek for crafts of that day and the forest at their back for an unlimited supply of lumber, they grew, packaged and transported tobacco, the then medium of exchange in the Colonies and a popular commodity in the European cities. We shall see that after they migrated West, the HODGES like their neighbors and friends in this new environment, were generally dependent on the land.
II. THOMAS HODGES, SON OF ROGER I)
Although the order of the births of the sons of ROGER HODGES I) and his wife, MARY MANNING, are not definitely established, it is probable that THOMAS was their oldest son.
"ROGER HODGES of Elizabeth River for the love he has for his son, THOMAS HODGES, gives to him 120 a. of woodland ground on the southwest side of the Northwest River being part of a dividend taken up by JOHN CREEKMUER, EDMOND CREEKMUER and ROGER HODGES." (Deed Bk. 7, p. 35 Norfolk Co. Va. Nov. 11, 1703)
This was part of the grant of 1920 acres which had been made to ROGER HODGES I) and the two CREEKMORES in 1693/4 and was deeded to THOMAS II) in exchange for his rights to other lands which his father owned. The fact that both he and his father recognized his legal rights to property still in his father's possession suggests that he was the eldest son and as such, heir to his father and the original holdings.
By turning one page over from p. 35 in Bk. 7 to page 36, we find proof for this presumption.
Nov. 15, 1703 "THOMAS HODGES, cooper, of the Northwest River in consideration of the land given me by my father, ROGER HODGES, in the North West River, I give all my rights, title and interest of all the land where my father lives to him to bequeath or give to whom he pleases especially the 20 acres formerly given by my grandfather, JOHN MANNING, dec'd unto my sister, MARY HODGES now dec'd." Wits: JOSEPH CHERRY, JOHN WILLIAMS, JOHN CREEKMORE (Bk. 7, p. 36).
We do not know the name of the wife of THOMAS HODGES nor the exact date of his death, but we do know that he married and left sons and died before March, 14, 1715.
On that date, "RICHARD HODGES, cooper, of Norfolk County, living on the Southwest side of the North West River, for the love and good will which he bears to his brother, FRANCIS HODGES, hath set over unto the said FRANCIS, 70 acres being part of a patent formerly granted to MR. ROGER HODGES dec'd and by his will given to his son, THOMAS HODGES, said land lying on the Southwest side of Northwest River now in possession of RICHARD HODGES, he being the proper heir of said land. And now, said RICHARD HODGES, of his own free will hath set over to the said FRANCIS HODGES the 70 acres joining land of MR. ROGER HODGES II) uncle to the aforesaid RICHARD and FRANCIS HODGES (Bk. 9, p. 481).
Since deeds to RICHARD HODGES from his father ROGER recorded in Book 6, p. 110 and JOHN HARSELL to RICHARD HODGES p. 128 and 152 are all impossible to decipher, it is difficult to determine where RICHARD HODGES of the 1704 quit rent roll obtained the 375 acres on which he was taxed at that time and also equally as
difficult to determine which RICHARD HODGES of later Norfolk Records was son of ROGER and MARY and which was son of THOMAS, and their grandson.
Since these deeds in Book 6 were all made in the 1690's, RICHARD I), son of ROGER, must have been the grantee. And, because without benefit of either later grants or deeds of consequence, RICHARD HODGES of the 1750 will devised to his son and heir, RICHARD, JR., his plantation of 370 acres of land, this much and no more which at that time, seemed to constitute his entire land holdings, we believe RICHARD of the 1750 will, to have been RICHARD I), son of ROGER. No other acreage was mentioned in the will. Furthermore, the order of the sons of RICHARD as named in his will and SOLOMON'S will indicate that RICHARD was father of at least four sons, RICHARD, THOMAS, SOLOMON and ROBERT before 1714, in which year, ROBERT BURGESS mentions ROBERT, the son of his daughter, ELIZABETH, who was wife of RICHARD HODGES I). Perhaps two of his five daughters were also born before that date. This fixes the marriage of RICHARD I) to have been not later than 1700 and his birth not later than 1680 by close figuring. If RICHARD I) of the 1750 will had been the son of THOMAS son of ROGER, this would fix THOMAS' birth at not Later than 1660 and with a little leeway here and there to take care of later than teen-age marriages, it could easily have been as early as 1650-1660.
Also because JOHN MANNING made deed of gift to MARY HODGES in 1669 of 20 acres on which ROGER HODGES had recently built his home, we believe that: (1) ROGER HODGES was a young married man in 1669 just beginning with a young family perhaps his first child in his first home; and 2nd, that his son, THOMAS, even though perhaps the first born son was not old enough to have fathered RICHARD I) a man grown and with family in 1704.
Therefore, we will hereafter refer to RICHARD HODGES of the 1750 will as RICHARD HODGES I), son of ROGER; and RICHARD HODGES who moved to Currituck Co. before 1735 as R1CAHRD HODGES II), son of THOMAS.
The latter "RICHARD HODGES" and wife FRANCES of the County Currituck N. C. deeded to WILLIAM HANBURY, JR. of Norfolk Co. Va. for £ 45 current money of Va., 100 acres of land lying on the south side of the North West River in Norfolk Co. adj. lands of EDWARD CREEKMURE dec'd and lands of WILLIAM and CALEB HODGES (sons of ROGER, uncle to RICHARD and FRANCIS sons of THOMAS).
The tax list of 1735 published in the North Carolinan show that RICHARD HODGES owned 320 acres in
Currituck county at that time.
Currituck Co. N.C. joined Princess Ann and Norfolk Cos. Va. on their southern boundary and at one time at least parts of it were considered to have been Virginia. On Feb. 11, 1747/8 JASPER LANE of Norfolk Co. Va. sold to RICHARD HODGES of Coratuck Co. in N. C. 75 a. lying in Princes Ann Co. Va. (Deed Bk. 7, p. 2 P. A. Co. Va.)
In 1742 R1CHARD HODGES of Currituck served with FRANCES, widow of WILLIAM STAFFORD, as
executor of STAFFORD'S will.
On May 2, 1748/9 RICHARD HODGES of that County wrote his own will which names his wife FRANCES and daughters: FRANCES BOWIN probably wife of JOSIAH; SARAH BURNHAM probably wife of JAMES; MARY HODGES; ELIZABETH HODGES; UPHAM HODGES. No sons were mentioned, but without further research in Currituck and neighboring counties, there is no certainty that he did not have sons to whom he had already made gifts of land. His will was witnessed by CALEB WILSON, GEO. POWERS, and WILLIS ETHEREDGE, all good Norfolk County Virginia names. Records of Currituck Co. are mostly gone.
There are few records concerning FRANCIS HODGES, son of THOMAS and brother of RICHARD, beyond the deed in which RICHARD devised part of his inheritance, as eldest son of THOMAS, to FRANCIS.
The 1730 Tax List of Norfolk Co. finds him on the Western Branch of Elizabeth River in the same household as RICHARD JOLIVE. Because of this information, we think it possible that FRANCIS may have married SARAH, the daughter of JOHN JOLLY of Norfolk who in his 1736 will named his daughter, SARAH HODGES (Norfolk Co. Wills Vol. II, p. 243).
On May 14, 1733, FRANCIS HODGES deeded a tract of 200 acres located on the Southwest side of the Northwest River to ROBERT HODGE (Book H, p. 150).
At a later date 1741 ROBERT devised half of this land to WILLIAM HODGES, perhaps his son.
On January 2, 1734 a FRANCIS HODGES witnessed the will of JOSEPH ABINGTON and on March 21, 1742 of ISAAC DAVIS in Currituck Co. N. C, but this was probably FRANCES, wife of RICHARD rather than FRANCIS, his brother.
III. RICHARD HODGES I), son of ROGER I)
Second generation, RICHARD HODGES, married well before 1714 and probably before 1700, ELIZABETH BURGESS, daughter of ROBERT BURGESS. This, we know, from a deed of gift from ROBERT BURGESS dated May 21, 1714 to his daughters SARAH MALBONE, wife of PETER, and ELIZABETH HODGES, mother of ROBERT and to his son, EMMANUEL BURGESS, each a slave.
From other Norfolk Co. records of that era, we have been able to establish other members of the family of ROBERT BURGESS to have been LIDIA WILKINS, MARY MALBONE, wife of RODOLPHUS, and ISOBELLA, wife, first of JAMES WILSON II) and later of MATHEW GODFREY. (Will of JAMES WILSON, JR. Vol. II, Norfolk Co;. Wills p. 69 and of MATHEW GODFREY Norfolk Records, Bk. 9, p. 591, Mar. 15, 1715).
RICHARD HODGES, born about 1675 married about 1700 ELIZABETH BURGESS, died in 1751. His will dated Feb. 10, 1750 and recorded Nov. 21, 1751 in Will Bk. 1, p. 234 does not mention his wife, so we presume ELIZABETH was deceased.
Their children were:
1. RICHARD born about 1700-1705 married MARTHA RANDOLPH, dau. of GILES (Norfolk Will 1750) died before Sept. 18, 1766 (Will Book 1, p. 148, Norfolk Co.)
2. THOMAS. HODGES, b. 1702-1708 died Feb. 1755 makes his brother RICHARD his executor. Given by his father's will £ 7 in full of his part.
3. ROBERT HODGES born before 1714 died 1771. Father's will leaves him two negro boys BRISTOE and SUNDAY presumedly descended from negro girl, JENNY, left to ELIZABETH HODGES and her son ROBERT HODGES by her father, ROBERT BURGESS May 21, 1714. EMMANUEL BURGESS mentioned in this paragraph but will is torn at this place.
4. To my son WILLIAM HODGES, my best bed.
5. SOLOMON HODGES deceased before Mar. 19, 1731. His will dated Aug. 14, 1730 and proven on the former date names his brothers THOMAS HODGES, ROBERT HODGES, and WILLIAM: HODGES and proves that he, too, of age in 1731, was born not later than 1710. He was probably just older or younger than ROBERT. Since SOLOMON mentions neither wife nor children we presume him to have been unmarried. Not named in father's will.
6. Daughter ISOBELL GODFREY £ 10
7. ANN FITZACKERY, daughter, and her husband, MR. THOMAS FITZACKERY, one negro.
8. Daughter MARY HODGES, one negro.
9. ________ BROWN, mother of RICHARD BROWN, RICHARD HODGES' grandson.
10. Daughter, who was mother of LIDIA PRICE.
11. To grandson, RANDOLPH HODGES one negro. In case he should die before reaching the age of 21, sd. negro for my grandson, RICHARD.
Several of the sons of RICHARD I) left wills which name their children. In that of RICHARD, JR. we find the names of his sons RANDOLPH and RICHARD identified as the grandsons in that of RICHARD I).
(1) Will of RICHARD HODGES, JR. (Will Bk. I, p. 148, dated July 30, 1766,.p. Sept. 18, 1766). "To grandson, WILLIAM HODGES, 100 acres lying on the Northwest River adj. CALEB WOODWARD and JAMES CREEKMUIR," This is probably the land deed to RICHARD I) by his father, ROGER I) and recorded in Norfolk County Records Bk. 6, p. 110.
RICHARD, JR. divided his plantation between his sons RICHARD, RANDOLPH and WILLIS, his daughters ELIZABETH SMITH and 1/3 to his wife who was MARTHA, daughter of GILES RANDOLPH. His daughter RACHEL MOHUN had already had her part and to his daughter MATHEW HODGES he left one bed and furniture.
His daughter, ELIZABETH SMITH, was possibly the wife of THOMAS SMITH to whom her 20 acres adjoined.
(2) The will of THOMAS HODGES, son of RICHARD I), dated 12 Jan. 1755 and proved Feb. 1755 (Unrecorded Wills of Norfolk Co. p. 50) in addition to designating his brother RICHARD HODGES his executor names his sons SOLOMON, KADAR and SAMUEL and his daughter ANN HODGES.
(3) The will of ROBERT HODGES son of RICHARD I), dated Dec. 22, 1770 and proved at the May Court 1771 identifies his wife MARY and only two sons JAMES and ROBERT and no daughters. We believe that he may also have had son WILLIAM as well as other sons and daughters and that his first wife may have been a daughter of JOHN SIMMONS of Princess Ann Co.
The will of JOHN SIMMONS of Princess Ann Co. which adjoins Norfolk in the Northwest River section devises to his grandson WILLIAM HODGES two slaves SIPPUE and PEG already made over to his mother and £ 5 when he comes of age. This will was dated Jan. 12, 1759 and recorded within two years in Norfolk Co.
SIMMONDS names AMY WHITE, daughter of PATRIC WHITE in the next paragraph of his will and leaves her the negroes ROSE and TONY.
In deed Bk. 13, p. 229 is recorded a deed, PATRICK WHITE and wife MARY of Norfolk Co. granted to ROBERT HODGES of the same Co. a tract of land containing 150 acres more or less lying on the West side of the
North River beginning at the mouth of Splitt Ridge branch adj. MR. SAMUEL SWEENEY (April 15, 1745). Wits: JOHN SMITH, MATHEW GODFREY, LUCY SMITH.
When PATRICK WHITE died in 1761 his daughters were AMY BURGESS, PRUDENCE MILLER, ZELIA BUTT and LYDIA WHITE,
As yet we have not placed WILLIAM HODGES, SIMMON'S grandson, in any HODGES family. Because of the association between SIMMONS, PATRICK WHITE, ROBERT HODGES named for his grandfather ROBERT BURGESS and AMY BURGESS daughter of WHITE we feel that there is a possibility that WILLIAM may have been a son of ROBERT by a first marriage and unnamed in his will. This is only a possibility and by no means the only one.
A deed recorded in Book 16 on page 55 reveals an exchange between ROBERT HODGES from WILLIS JAMES of Norfolk Co. The deed dated January 1752 conveys title to "a good feather bed and furniture, a cow and hiffer yearling which came by his wife; a sow, and six pigs, crops - and the rest of my goods and chattle, both within doors and without doors."
This deed seems to indicate that the then wife of ROBERT HODGES was probably the step-daughter of WILLIS JAMES.
Whether this was MARY, named as wife of ROBERTS 1770 will, we do not know.
IV. ROGER HODGES, JR. SON OF ROGER I)
Fortunately, a deed from ROGER HODGES I) and his wife, MARY, is one of those in Book 6 which is still readable. Recorded in Norfolk Records Book 6, Part I, p. 45 and dated July 15, 1696 it reads:
"I ROGER HODGES together with MARY my wife grant unto ROGER HODGES the younger, our tract of land in Norfolk Co. being the land of said HODGES bewix the land of EDMUND CREEKMORE, JOHN PAIG and JOHN ALDRIDGE, 100 acres of land being part of a larger tract etc."
The deed to JOHN ALDRIDGE, carpenter, dated 29 of July, 1696 and recorded on page 57 states that the land was part of the tract of 1920 acres patented in 1694 to ROGER HODGES, SR. and the CREEKMORE and states that the 100 acres deeded to ALDRIDGE was land on which the said ALDRIDGE was then already living.
There are several wills recorded in Norfolk which reconstruct the family of ROGER HODGES, JR. The will of GEORGE BALLENTINE, SR. of the Southern Branch of Elizabeth River dated 1700 and proved 1702 establishes the fact that ROGER HODGES, JR. like his father had wife MARY, who was the daughter of Ballentine who also, mentions his granddaughter MARY HODGES.
Her father's will shows that MARY BALLENTINE HODGES was one of a large family, her father enumerating sons: THOMAS, WM., GEORGE, ALEXANDER, RICHARD, DANIEL, DAVID; and daughters: MARY HODGES, DOROTHY, wife of JOHN CREEKMORE and FRANCES wife of HENRY DEALE.
The will of ROGER HODGES, JR. recorded in Book 9, p. 541 of Norfolk Records and dated Aug. 18, 1716, names the sons and daughters born to him and his wife MARY BALLENTINE. None had reached their majority at the time of their father's death. The will of his wife, MARY, recorded in McIntires Will of Norfolk Co., Vol. II p. 137 gives the married names of some of her daughters. This will was dated Jan. 10, 1736 and recorded May 21, 1736.
The will of their son, EDWARD HODGES, recorded May 21, 1736 and dated April 14, 1736 suggests that he and his mother may have died of a common malady. This will adds nothing else to the family history other than that he was as yet, unmarried and that he left his plantation to his brother, CALEB.
All this information is combined in the following listing of this family:
1. Son WILLIAM HODGES - homes plantation with 100 acres.
2. Son ROGER HODGES III) 100 acres.
3. Son CALEB, 50 acres adj. his brother ROGER, and EDWARD.
4. Son EDWARD, 100 acres adj. his brother ROGER.
5. Daughter MARY married before 1736 and was then MARY ECHOLS.
6. Daughter ABIGAIL mentioned in neither the will of her mother nor her brother, EDWARD, probably dec'd early.
7. Daughter DINAH was DINAH ULSTREE 1736.
8. Daughter ANN was ANN WARREN 1736.
9. FRANCES HODGES named in will of her mother and brother but not in father's
10. ELIZABETH HODGES named as her sister FRANCES.
The will of ROGER HODGES, JR. made his wife MARY his executor and was witnessed by RICHARD HODGIS no doubt his nephew, and WM. WILKINS, JAMES WILKINS and NATHANIEL NUSEN witnessed MARY'S will twenty yean later and the same year 1736. LEMUEL BRETT, WM. HODGIS, and JAMES WILKINS witnessed that of EDWARD HODGES, son of ROGER II) and MARY.
V. BENJAMINE HODGES, SON OF ROGER I)
There are several documents in Norfolk Co. which prove that ROGER HODGES and his wife, MARY MANNING, had a younger son who with their second daughter by the name of MARY were no doubt minors at the time of their father's death.
The first of these is a deed dated 1723 recorded in Bk. F., p. l0a from "JOSEPH HODGES and his wife MARY to BENJ. HODGES, both of Norfolk Co., a piece of woodland lying and being in the Southern Branch of Elizabeth River adj. HUGH HANLON, JOHN NICHOLS and THOMAS LEAKE part of 120 a purchased of HUGH HANLON dec'd and known as Bucks Ridge. ROBERT CANADY the privilege of getting light wood and timber."
This date is too early to have been BENJ. HODGES the son of JOSEPH. No consideration is mentioned in this transaction so we suppose it to have been a deed of gift.
The 1741 will of EDWARD DAVIS, second husband of MARY, widow of ROGER HODGES I), who must have been several years her junior leaves to his son-in-law (step-son) BENJ. HODGES, the great iron pot that was his fathers.
In 1750 JOSEPH HODGES, SR. and BENJ. HODGES, SR. were named executors of the will of PATRICK KEATON, a second husband of MARY, daughter of JOSEPH. (Will Bk. 1, p. 290)
Finally on Oct. 15, 1765, ten months before the death of JOSEPH HODGES, SR., and some four years after the death of JOSEPH, JR., "BENJ. HODGES, SR. of St. Brides Parish of Norfolk Co. to THOMAS HANBURY of same, for five shilling a certain parcel of land 83 acres adj. SAMUEL BRACIE and adj. JOSEPH HODGES to Hodges Road, between BENJ. HODGES and JOSEPH HODGES, his brother.
We believe that the wife of BENJAMINE HODGES, SR. may have been the daughter of WILLIAM WILKINS who mentions his grandson LEMUEL HODGES in his 1745 will.
On Aug. 20, 1755 BENJ. HODGES, JR., of Norfolk Co. to LEMUEL HODGES of same, a tract of land situated
above the great Bridge and bounded by lands of JOSEPH HODGES, JAMES HODGES and WM. NICHOLSON (Deed Bk. 17 p. 187 Norfolk Co. Va.)
On Nov. 17, 1756 LEMUEL HODGES and wife RUTH of Norfolk Co. to ROBERT WILKINS a tract of land
near the Great Bridge devised to sd. LEMUEL HODGES by MR. CHARLES SWEENEY (Book 17, p. 275).
Either BENJ. HODGES, SR. or JR. had wife COURTNEY HODGES. In 1746 ARCHIBALD TAYLOR left £ 200 to the dau. of MARY HODGES who lived at the Great Bridge when she becomes 20 ys. of age which she must have attained about that time for when the estate was settled COURTNEY HODGES received her £ 200 legacy. These COURTNEY HODGES were not likely the same.
III. THIRD GENERATION
JAMES HODGES, SON OF JOSEPH, SON OF ROGER
JAMES HODGES I) lived all of his life except his last year in Norfolk Co. Va were; like his father JOSEPH and his grandfather, ROGER, he followed the trade of cooper. He is not named in his father's will, having preceeded him in death by almost nine years. JAMES HODGES' will was recorded in Pasquotank Co. N.C. February 1758 and that of JOSEPH in Norfolk County, Virginia in Sept. 1766.
However, the will of JAMES mentions his father, JOSEPH HODGES, his former residence in Va. and his brothers JOSEPH HODGES, JR., FEREBEE and STEPHEN, the latter two of whom are named as sons in the will of JOSEPH HODGES, SR. JOSEPH, JR., was also deceased before his father's death.
We do not have the exact date of the birth of JAMES HODGES but from two documents we know he was born 1714 or earlier. He was listed on the 1730 tax list in the household of his father which indicated he was 16 years old or older. As a grown man he began to negotiate his own affairs as early as June of 1735 which proves he had reached his majority before that date.
On June 19, 1735, JAMES HODGES of Norfolk Co. purchased from COL. ANTHONY WALKE of Princess Ann Co. for 5 shillings, land estimated at 80 sq. poles (rods) in Norfolk Co. near Norfolk town on the main road into town (Deed Bk. 12 p. 70).
On Dec. 10, 1738, JAMES HODGES, Cooper, sold to THOMAS BLAIR, of the Borough of Norfolk Co., Perukemaker, 1/2 lot of land which said HODGES bought of COL. ANTHONY WALKE the other half lately sold to JOHN EDMONDS dec'd. - land lying without the town bridge (Book 12 - d. 1738).
This deed was signed by both JAMES and MARY HODGES, as was the Feb. 1736 deed to JOHN EDMONS so we are introduced in these deeds to the first wife of JAMES HODGES I) who was MARY, daughter of JOHN PORTLOCK II) of Norfolk. We know this to be true because in his 1742 will, JOHN PORTLOCK, JR. names his daughter MARY HODGES, and in 1758 JAMES HODGES in his will names his son, PORTLOCK HODGES.
The PORTLOCK relationship will be further discussed at the end of this chapter.
Beside carrying on his trade as a cooper, JAMES HODGES bought and conveyed numerous plots of land in the interval between his first deed from COL. WALKE and his but in 1757 when he removed to Pasquotank Co., N.C. His will and deed indicate that having acquired property on the Main Rd. and near the Great Bridge, from that advantageous location on this cross road of both land and water travel, he expanded his cooper business to include other merchandise.
On July 15, 1747 "JEREMIAH SIKES deeded to JAMES HODGES a piece of land lying and being at the Great Bridge in Norfolk Co. being twenty five feet on the road and according to the bounds that THOMAS SIKES had, and also a certain piece of marsh that THOMAS SIKES bought of MR. JOHN WILSON lying on the Main road that goes to the above said great Bridge being part of Great Bridge Island according as it was bounded by the said JOHN WILSON to the said THOMAS SIKES" (Book 14 p, 43 & 44)
Special notice should be taken of the above extracted deed because it will play an important role in the identification of JAMES HODGES, JR. to whom it was Left in his father's will.
On January 18, 1757, JAMES HODGES bought in Pasquotank Co. from CALEB BURNHAM 200 acres of land on the Pasquotank River and moved shortly thereafter. We know this because on March 13, 1757, JAMES HODGES of Pasquotank Co. of the Providence of North Carolina sold to JOSEPH HODGES, JR., of Norfolk Co. 200 acres in Norfolk Co. above the head of the Southern Branch of Elizabeth River - Great Bridge being the land I bought of GAMON, JOHN CURLIN, BENJAMINE and LEMUEL HODGES (Norfolk Deed Bk. 18, p. 30). This deed was witnessed by JOSEPH and FEREBEE HODGES and HENRY SIKES. It was signed by JAMES HODGES and his second wife, MIRIAM. Sometimes between 1747 when WILLIS HODGES, JAMES' son was born, and 1757, MARY PORTLOCK HODGES had died and JAMES had married MIRIAM STOKELEY, widow, who had a son JOSEPH STOKELEY by her first marriage. Since JAMES HODGES names in his will a minor son whose name was LAMB, and WILLIAM LAMB of North Carolina had in 1758 both wife and daughter named MIRIAM, we believe that this second wife of JAMES HODGES could well have been, before her first marriage, MIRIAM LAMB.
The will of JAMES HODGES Senior is recorded in Pasquotank Co. North Carolina March 1758. It is dated February 2, 1758 and is on file in the office of the Secretary of State of N.C. It was copied in "Grimes Wills and Inventories" and is given in full on pp. 253, 254, 255 and 256.
We, too, fed it is interesting and important enough to be inserted here in full:
JAMES HODGES WILL
IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN, the Second Day of February, one thousand Seven Hundred, fifty Eight. I, JAMES HODGES, of Pasquotank, North Carolina, being very Sick & weak in body but of Perfect mind & Memory, thanks be therefore given unto God, Therefore calling unto mind the mortality of my Body and knowning that it is appointed for all Men once to Dye, do make and ordain this my last Will & testament, that is to say, Principally and first of all, I give & recommend my Soul, into the Hands of god that gave it; and my Body I Recommend to ye earth to be Buried in decent order, at ye Discretion of my Executors.
Item. I give & Bequeath to my Son. Josiah, that Plantation & Island on the N. E. Side pasquotank River Bridge to him & his heires for ever.
Item. It is my Will & Desire that if my loving Farther, JOSEPH HODGES, has Willed any part or Parcel of his Estate to me, I humbly beg him to give & Bequeath it to my well beloved Son, JAMES HODGES, Jun., to him & his heires for Ever, & farther, it is my desire yt my loving Brothers. JOSEPH & STEPHEN HODGES shall collect all my Debts on the Great Bridge Books, and to Pay all my Just Debts that I owe in Norfolk & there Lawfull Commissions.
Item. I give & Bequeath to my Son, WILLIS HODGES, wt. over Rush of my Book debts, if any Remaining, to him & his Heires for Ever.
Item. I Give and Bequeath to my loving Son, SAMUEL HODGES, Negro boy named PETER, to him & his Heires for ever.
Item. I also give a bequeath to my loveing Son, WILLIS HODGES, Negro boy Named SAM, to him, & his heires for Ever.
Item. I give & bequeath to my well beloved wife, my writing Desk & bigest ovel Table, my Painted Chest & Seal Skin trunk, one Set of Silver Teaspoons & Tong's, & all my Pewter I brought out of Virginia. Two Frying pans, five Iron pots, & all ye Plantation utensiels, & Sufficient of household Meat to Support ye Family untel New years day, & fat.
It is my Will that my Estate shall Pay for ye Building of a New Kitchen, with one small Brick Chimmey in room of the old woed Chimmey. And farther, I give & Bequeath to my loveing wife all Small Furniture, such as Earth'nware & Coopers, & c, and ten old chairs and Six red Do., & one Safe Bought of Timothy Hickson, one Iron Chafeing dish, and all ye aforsd. mentioned, to her and her Heires for ever. I likewise desire that none of my Children shall lay and Clame to any Part or parcel, or any part, of my Wifes Estate that she was Posest of before I married her.
Item. I give & Bequeath to my Loveing Son, JAMES HODGES, my lot of Land & Marsh on the west Side of road going to the Great Bridg accord'g to ye bounds that THOMAS MANNING formely held by, & give him my Storehouse standing by brick hous formerly belonging to MR. CHARLES SWENY, and I give him my Roan horse called Rock, & a dark bay Horse wch. I had in Swop of SOLOMON TIMPLE, & my Riding Sadle and housing.
Item. I give, bequeath to My loveing Wife, the use of my Negor Woman call'd Phebe, tell my Son, PORTLOCK attains to the age of Twenty one years, and then the sd. negro Phebe & her increase to return to ye sd. PORTLOCK & his heires for Ever. I likewise give him ye Horse I bought of DAVID COOK, CaIi'd Ball, to be sold by FEREBE HODGES & the Money Laid out in Goods to support ye sd. PORTLOCK.
Item. I give & Bequeath to my well beloved Wife, my horse call'd Dultage, to her & her Heires for ever, & the use of Sam & Peter tell my two Sons, WILLIS & JOSIAS HODGES comes to Lawful age; & it is my desire that my two sons, JOSIAS & WILLIS HODGES, shall not in any wise disannul my part of the sd. Clause before mentioned.
Item. I Give & bequeath to my daughter KESIAH CURLIN, Negor girl call'd SARAH, & one feather bed & furniture, spinning wheel, pewter, one chest deliver'd to her when Marri'd, in full of her Portion, to her & her heirs for Ever.
Item. I give & Bequeath to my Daughter, MOLLY, the Negro Girl call'd Rachel, to her & her heirs for Ever.
Item. I give & bequeath to my Daughter, FRANCES HODGES, one negro Girl Call'd HANNAH, to her & her Heirs for Ever. I likewise give to ye use of my wife, ye use of the two Negro Gerles HANNAH & RACHEL, tell my two Children, MOLLY & FRANCES HODGES Comes to Lawful age.
Item. I give & bequeath to my Son-in-Law, JOSEPH STOKELY, my new Survey over ye River on ye N.E. side Pasquotank River, & I give him Cash to Purchase a grant for ye sd. Survey of Land, to him & his heires for Ever, & I desire that my Exe'or or Executors to take out of the grant Soon after my decease.
Item. I give & bequeath to my Daughter, MIRIAM HODGES, one Negro Girl call'd NAN, to her & her heires for Ever. Item. I give & bequeath to my loveing Son, JAMES HODGES, my negro man Call'd BOATSWAIN, to him & heires for Ever.
Item. I give & bequeath & it is my Will & desire, that my Brother, JOSEPH HODGES, Pay to Colo. ROBERT TUCKER, thirty Pound wch. I owe him upon Balce. of old Bond & ye Joint Bond Brother JOSEPH HODGES & I ower ye sd. ROBERT TUCKER, in Part of Eighty five Pounds that Brother JOSEPH HODGES owes to me, HODGES, & uppon Settlem't wn. I was Last in Virginia in December last; & I further desire, that my loveing Brother, JOSEPH HODGES, shall Com in here & take all ye Invoics that is in PardonShip between him & I, at Spraules, Newtons, Atchison, & Sum them up & see wt. the Amounts is, & then go to ye sd. Sproules, Newtons & Atchison, & take true Copys of what we have Paid in company & see if I fall in Debt to pay it, giveing me Credit for ye one half of all ye money he pays away of mine, in my Old Book list; all ye Moneys that can be got in, Brother JOSEPH HODGES must have one half & ye other half to my well beloved Wife, MIRIAM HODGES in Concideration of Supporting & Schooling ye Children & after my beloved Wife, Miriam Hodges & Brother JOSEPH HODGES & MR. ANDREW MILLER' Merch't, if any remains to be Equal Divid'd between my two Sons & Daughters, LAMB, PORTLOCK, MOLLY & FRANCES HODGES.
Item. I give & bequeath to my loveing Wife, Side Saddle & my longest Gun, some wite and Brown Sugar Bought of Capt. HEADLY and Part of a Barr'l Molasses.
Item. I give & bequeath my short Gun I brought from Virginia, to my Son, LAMB HODGES & one pair of hand Mill Stones being now in Possession of SOLOMON TEMPLE.
Item. I further give strict orders that no Person or Persons shall Pretend to make Publick vandue of any Part or Parcel of my before Mentioned Estate, under Penalty of one hundred Pounds, proc. Money.
Item. I give & Bequeath to my l'ving Wife, MARIAM HODGES four feather beds and furniture I brought out of Virginia, to her & her heires for ever.
Item. I give to my Daughter, MOLLY HODGES, three new Black Chairs & one small Ovel Table, to her & her heires for Ever.
Item. I give & bequeath to my daughter, FRANCES, three new black chaires, & one Square Table.
I do hereby appoint my real friend, Colo. ROBERT MURDON, & FEREBE HODGES, my whole & Sole Executors of this my last Will & Testament. And I do hereby utterly disallow, revoke and disanul all & every former testaments, Wills, Legacies & bequests & Exers., by me in any ways before bequest, and Executors by me in any ways before named, Willed & bequeathed, Ratifying & Confirming this & no other to be my last Will & Testament.
In Witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand & Seal, the day and year above Written.
JAMES HODGES (Seal)
Signed, Seal'd, published, Pronounc'd
& Declared by the sd.
JAMS. HODGES as his Last Will
& Testament in ye Presence of us
Test. JOHN HARRIS, Jrat.
DANIEL KOEN. the mark
JOHN J. M. MURDEN.
PASQUOTANK COUNTY. MARCH COURT,1758
Present His Majesties Justices:
These may Certify that JOHN HARRIS, one of the Evidences to the within Will, Appeared in open Court and Made Oath on the holy Evangelist, that he was present and JAMES HODGES, sign, Seal, publish and declare the within to be and Contain his last will & Testament, and that he was at time of Sound & disposing memory, and that he also saw DANIEL COIN & JOHN MORDEN, the other two Evidences, Sign their names thereto at the same time. Then appeared JOSEPH HODGES, Exe'r in Virginia and was duly Qualified, Ordered that the Honle. RICHD. SPAIGHT, Esq. Secretary, have notice that Letters may issue.
Test. THOS. TAYLOR, Clk. Cou.
Copied from the Original Will, filed in the Office of the Secretary of State."
Although we have no documents to fix definitely the dates of the births of JAMES children, except the birth of WILLIS born in 1747, (Pension application), certain wording of the will of JAMES does indicate their approximate order of birth and in some instances to which wife they belonged.
More definite concern for the future of JAMES, JR., and bequests made outright to him, with no provision for elapsing further time, indicate that he was the eldest son and heir and was of age in early 1758.
Although negro slaves were given to sons, PORTLOCK, WILLIS, and JOSIAH, and daughters FRANCES, and MOLLY, a stipulation was made that his wife, MIRIAM, should have use of these said slaves until the children come of age and a phrase added stating that nothing should be done to disanul this provision.
MOLLY and FRANCES each were given definite gifts of household furniture as their married sister, KESIAH had received on marriage.
The younger daughter MIRIAM reasonably assigned to the last marriage was given a slave to which no provision was attached allowing the wife of have use of it until daughter MIRIAM came of age. She also was given no furniture.
Reading between the lines the will conveys the idea that it was not necessary to provide that the wife have the use of NAN the slave of MIRIAM because if true daughter, MIRIAM, wife, would naturally have use of NAN until the young daughter was of age or married. On the other hand there would be no need for the father to provide furniture for a marriage dower to dau. MIRIAM, since her mother was living and would attend to that.
There is no stipulation providing lapse of time or restriction on the bequests to SAMUEL or LAMB so by no logical reasoning we have placed SAMUEL in the older group and LAMB with the sister MIRIAM as of the second marriage. SAMUEL was of age as JAMES, JR. was.
A rough guess of the, year and sequence of birth of JAMES children is given. below:
JAMES HODGES, JR. - b. 1734-1736
SAMUEL HODGES (of age) 1736-1738
KESIAH CURLIN (married) b 1738-1740
PORTLOCK (minor) b. 1740-1742
JOSIAH (minor) b. 1742-1744 (JOSIAH HODGES m. in Norfolk Co. Va. Sept. 21, 1765, MARY EWELL)
MOLLY (minor) b, 1745
WILLIS (minor) b. 1747
FRANCES (minor) b. 1749-
LAMB (minor) b. 1752-1754
MIRIAM (minor) b. 1754-1756
From this reasoning, we conclude that only LAMB and MIRIAM were children of the second wife. Their ages would depend on the date of the second marriage and each could have been born a couple of years later than the above estimate. We can safely say that MARY PORTLOCK HODGES died 1750-1753.
Several of the children of JAMES HODGES and his first wife, MARY PORTLOCK appear later in the records of
Norfolk Co. Va.
On June 16, 1760, JOSEPH HODGES, WILLIAM HODGES and STEPHEN HODGES were bonded as guardians of JOSIAH and MARY HODGES orphans (Reel 98 - Some Guardians Bonds of Norfolk Co. 1751-1790).
Perhaps, by this time, two and a half years after the death of JAMES, SR., his wife, MIRIAM has remarried and different arrangements were necessary for the custody of some of his minor children by his first wife, MARY.
In 1764, JAMES HODGES, the younger, disposes of two pieces of property in Norfolk Co. identifying himself ''as JAMES HODGES, marriner," in the one dated February 18 of that year; and as "JAMES HODGES late of Norfolk Co. in the Colony of Virginia but now of the Providence of North Carolina, marriner" in the latter one dated Oct. 18, of the same year (Deeds of Bk. 22).
On February 18, 1768, when WILLIS HODGES, son of JAMES, SR. would have just reached his majority a "WILLIS HODGES with the consent of the Court of Norfolk hath voluntarily and of his own free will apprenticed himself to JOHN WILSON, cordwarner, to learn his art, trade and ministry and after the manner of an apprentice to serve said WILSON from the date here set forth and during four years." (Deed Bk. 24)
There are several WILLIS HODGES of this era and this could have been WILLIS son of RICHARD HODGES, JR., of Norfolk Co. but since others of his brothers and sisters have recently been in Norfolk, we believe this was more likely WILLIS HODGES, son of JAMES SR., who now with father, grandfather, JOSEPH; and uncles JOSEPH
JR., and WILLIAM, all deceased; is of age, on his own and had the good sense to prepare himself for the future by learning a trade.
That he didn't follow it but emulated his older brother, JAMES HODGES, in moving west Into North Carolina attests to the bond between these older and younger brothers.
JAMES HODGES, SR. had started this westward trek in 1757 when he took a brief step in that direction by moving to Pasquotank Co. where his residence was cut short by death a year later.
Because of this circumstance and the fact that MARY the mother of most of his minor children was deceased, his family was scattered and we have identified and located only three of them in future documents. Beside JAMES and WILLIS HODGES of Edgecomb and Halifax Cos. N.C., PORTLOCK HODGES lived in Pitt Co., N.C. There was also a WILLIS HODGES there who served in the Rev. War and also applied for a pension. His application papers say that he was born in North Carolina in 1745 and lived there the rest of his life. He was not son of PORTLOCK HODGES, SR. who was still a minor in 1758. Neither was he WILLIS the son of JAMES, SR. or Norfolk and Pasquotank Cos. Perhaps he was an unnamed son of RICHARD, son of THOMAS, who moved to N.C. before 1742.
The pension application of WILLIS HODGES, already identified as son of JAMES, who followed his brother JAMES first to Edgecomb and Halifax Cos. North Carolina and then to Smith Co. Tenn., states that he was born in Norfolk Co. Va. in 1747 and moved to North Carolina when ten years old. This exactly tallies with the facts of JAMES HODGES I) life. He was not living in North Carolina in 1747 but in Norfolk Co. Va. but he did move there in 1757 when WILLIS was ten years old. Herein he, WILLIS, will continue to be spoken of as WILLIS, son of JAMES HODGES, SR.
Before continuing with the fourth generation of HODGES in this family we will here digress to record the documents which relate to MARY HODGES daughter of JOHN PORTLOCK (II) of Norfolk Co. and first wife of JAMES HODGES, SR.
MARY PORTLOCK HODGES, like her husband, was a third generation Virginian.
Her grandfather, JOHN PORTLOCK, SR. at a court of Norfolk Co. Jan: 16, 1712 "saith that he is now 54 years of age and that about the last of the month of March 1682, the same being about the beginning of the year, I was on the island at the Great Bridge on the head of the Southern branch of Elizabeth River, the island being that where on the stone house now stands which said island was then known by the name of Hickory Knowls, on which island one Costain then lived." (Deed Bk. 9, p. 234)
On October 21, 1687, a patent of 490 acres was made to JOHN PORTLOCK and on May 20, 1689 JOHN and his wife ELIZABETH conveyed 80 acres of this grant to WILLIAM ETHEREDGE, SR., her father (Deed Bk. 8, p. 84 WILLIAM ETHEREDGE to his son WILLIAM ETHEREDGE, JR.)
In 1702 JOHN PORTLOCK was, collector of all bills due on the south branch of Elizabeth River (Book 8, p. 277).
In 1703, he was crier of the Court (Norfolk Co. Court Orders)
The exact date of the marriage of JOHN PORTLOCK I) and ELIZABETH ETHEREDGE has not been preserved but it was doubtless shortly after he reached his majority about 1680-1682 - as he and ELIZABETH had nine children -seven sons and two daughters at the time of his death in October 1715.
Unto his eldest son and heir JOHN PORTLOCK, JR., he left "all and every part and parcel of that tract of land I now live on.
"Only my true and well loving wife, ELIZABETH PORTLOCK, to have her natural life upon the manner plantation without any interruption."
Besides JOHN he names his other sons - PAUL, WILLIAM, CHARLES, EDWARD, PETER and LEMUEL - seven in all. He names two daughters, ELIZABETH and LIDIA. To PAUL and WILLIAM he leaves land. All his books are to be divided between his seven sons and his two daughters. No mention is made of any child being a minor but if JOHN PORTLOCK was only 57 when he died and the father of nine children some of them, likely, were under age.
The will of JOHN PORTLOCK, JR., was written in 1742 and recorded in Norfolk Co. Feb. 18, 1743/4 on the oath of WM. PORTLOCK, WM. PORTLOCK, JR. and THOMAS NASH.
He left to his son JOHN III) "the land and plantation whereon he lived, his shooting gun and silver hilted sword" - but he gave detailed instructions to JOHN for the erection of a house for his wife and small children on the place" in lieu of her third part of my now dwelling house."
His son JOHN was also to have the parcel of land commonly called Gillings and water mill.
To his two daughters MARY HODGIS and ANNE WHITEHURST each fifty shillings.
The rest of the estate to be sold and wife SARAH to have one third part and two thirds to be divided between all his children except son, JOHN.
MARY HODGIS was wife of JAMES HODGES I) of Norfolk Co. as already explained.
JOHN PORTLOCK, JR. was married first to MARY MATHIAS, daughter of MATHEW MATHIAS, JR., and his first wife, ANN HALSTEAD, of Norfolk Co. Va.
On May 5,1719 CAPT. JOHN HALSTEAD brother of ANN and therefore Uncle of MARY then wife of JOHN PORTLOCK made a verbal will which was witnessed by THOS. NASH SR., JOSHUA PORTER, THOMAS WHIDDON. It was proven 27 May in the same year and property divised as follows:
To JOHN PORTLOCK, his water mill:
To JOHN MATHIAS his was of sloop.
To WILLIAM PORTLOCK the plantation he lives on and to ELIZ. PORTLOCK 1 negro.
Also to WM. PORTLOCK book relative to Sheriffs office (WILLIAM PORTLOCK was married to MARY to MARY'S sister).
Desire brother (HENRY HALSTEAD) let WM. PORTLOCK have horse Rainbo (Norfolk Wills Vol. II, p. 38).
On July 15, 1720 - JOHN MATHIAS, JOHN PORTLOCK and wife, MARY; WILLIAM PORTLOCK and wife ELIZABETH in person and HENRY MATHIAS and ANN MATHIAS infanta filed suit against HENRY HALSTEAD administrator of goods of JOHN HALSTEAD deceases. (Court records Norfolk Co. 1712-1722 p. 21a)
The will of MATHEW MATHIAS II) probated p. 49 Deed Bk. 1730-1734 names (his second) wife SARAH, sons JOHN and MATHEW; daughters SARAH, MARY PORTLOCK, ELIZABETH PORTLOCK and ANN HALSTEAD.
We note that HENRY MATHIAS is not mentioned in his father's will so we presume he had died since 1720.
ANN MATHIAS also infant in 1720 was living in the home of her sister MARY PORTLOCK in August 1727. (Norfolk Court Orders 1724-35 p. 64) and was married to SIMON HALSTEAD heir of MARY HALSTEAD, her uncle, before Mar. 20, 1728, (Deed Bk, G p, 137). MATHEW MATHIAS II) had children by his second wife, SARAH; MATHEW III), SARAH, ABIA, DINAH MATHIAS (Deed Bk. II, p. 75 Norfolk Co.)
ANN HALSTEAD MATHIAS, wife of MATHEW MATHIAS II) and mother of MARY MATHIAS first wife of JOHN PORTLOCK, JR. was the daughter of HENRY HALSTEAD, SR. and his wife BRIDGET. His will dated March 12, 1684, and probated in Norfolk Co. Va. May 15, 1685, names his son SIMON HALSTEAD, his heir, his wife BRIDGET, daughter ANN HALSTEAD and sons HENRY and JOHN who was a minor.
In December 1685, we find the signatures of both JOHN GASCOTT and BRIDGET HALSTEAD as witnesses of the will of RICHARD HILL of (Norfolk Co. Va. Wills Vol. p. 99) and before his death in 1691 BRIDGET HALSTEAD widow, became the wife of JOHN GOOSCOTT, ship captain and owner. He leaves to each of the children of his wife BRIDGET a small legacy but devised to Col. LEMUEL MASON and his sons GEORGE and THOMAS MASON his plantation and sloop in which he was shortly to leave for "Antegee." (Norfolk Co. Vol. I. p. 133)
His widow BRIDGET HALSTEAD GOOSCOTT out lived him by 20 years. Her will recorded in Bk. 9, p. 111 of Norfolk Co. Wills & Deeds names her son JOHN HALSTEAD; her grandchildren JOHN, MARY, ANN, ELIZABETH and HENRY MATHIAS children of my daughter ANN MATHIAS (HALSTEAD) who inter married with MATHEW MATHIAS; and ELIZABETH, SIMON, DREW, HENRY and BRIDGET, sons and daughters of her son HENRY HALSTEAD II.
This HENRY was executor of his brother JOHN'S will and in July 1720 was sued by the children of his sister ANN HALSTEAD MATHIAS (including JOHN PORTLOCK and his wife MARY) for their part of JOHN HALSTEAD'S estate.
MATHEW MATHIAS II) father of MARY PORTLOCK, first wife of JOHN JR., was probably a very young son of MATHEW MATHIAS 1) whose will was dated June 24, 1669 and recorded in Bk. E, p. 55 Norfolk Records (Vol. I, p. 30 Norfolk Wills)
He had a wife MARY MATHIAS who was granted probate of hit will (Court Orders 1666-1672 p. 36). He mentions three children including; son JOHN, an oldest son probably JOHN and a youngest son probably MATHEW JR. He made friends DAVID MORROW and MICHAEL McCOY overseers JOHN HERDON and ANN MORROW
The estate settlement of JOHN PORTLOCK, JR., identifies in the division of his property his children by hit first wife, MARY MATHIAS as JOHN, MARY HODGES, and ANN WHITEHURST.
Those of his second wife SARAH were; KESIAH wife of THOMAS LEAKS, SAMUEL, JONATHAN, MARTHA SARAH, ELIZABETH, JEANONIE, LEMUEL, CARON and another daughter MARY PORTLOCK II.) SARAH, the second wife of JOHN PORTLOCK II, was the only surviving dau. of JOHN ASHLEY of Princess Ann Co. Va. who was deceased before 1737 (Court Records).
In tracing the lineage of ELIZABETH ETHEREDGE, wife of JOHN PORTLOCK I) and mother of JOHN II) we go back to the little nest of new-comers in which the MANNING resided a century earlier and find that with the marriage of JAMES HODGES I) and MARY PORTLOCK the families of several neighbors on Gaythers Creek, joined hands.
Besides THOMAS WHITE and JOHN MANNING who came to this neighborhood in 1637 and 1648 respectively, THOMAS ETHEREDGE came in 1647 and MARMADUKE MARRINGTON (probably WARRINGTON) before 1654.
Nugent's "Cavaliers and Pioneers" which recounts the arrival or land ownership of these persons in listing them as headright in land patent, shows that NICHOLAS ROBINSON made a number of entries into Virginia between 1630 and 1640. We do not have the date of his first arrival nor of a grant a him but we know that he too lived on Gaythers Creek or in that neighborhood.
The will of THOMAS ETHEREDGE dated Nov. 9, 1671 and recorded Dec. 16, 1671 names his wife CHRISTIAN his eldest son WILLIAM and others: EDWARD, JOHN, THOMAS, and MARMADUKE. His daughters were ANN the wife of THOMAS NORCOTT, ELIZ. who married THOS. BLANCHE and had three children, SUSAN, SUSANNAH, and the mother of AMY WYATT. Also grandchildren - ANDREW ETHEREDGE, GILES and ALICE NORCOTT and AMY WHYATT.
Even before this in 1654 THOMAS WRIGHT of the Western Branch of Norfolk left among other minor orphans a daughter named CHRISTIAN but she could not have been the mother of THOMAS ETHEREDGE'S family because in 1671 he had several grandchildren. She might have been a second or later wife.
Because of the sparce population of that day and the proximity of the MARRINGTON and ETHEREDGE on Gayther's Creek it's very likely that MARMADUKE ETHEREDGE was named for MARMADUKE MARRINGTON and that they were related. Court records of Norfolk Co. under date of June 16, 1684 state that MARMADUKE WARRINGTON, a very aged man, was that day exempt from levy. Still he was probably approximately the same age as THOMAS ETHEREDGE who evidently had children before he came to Va. in 1647 and was now deceased 16 years.
It is likely THOMAS, first wife was the sister of WARRINGTON, or his daughter.
THOMAS left to his son and heir WILLIAM "the plantation I now live on adj. JOHN BRIGHTS land."
To his son EDWARD ETHEREDGE he left "land adj. to son WILLIAM and ye pond by JOHN WHYTE'S house." In this same year of 1671 JOHN WHYTE sold "to HENRY CULPEPER 225 acres of land adj. THOMAS ETHEREDGE which land was in the possession of my father, THOS. WHITE." We have speculated on the possibility that JOHN MANNING who received 300 acres from THOMAS WHITE recorded in Book 6 of Norfolk Records probably married one of WHYTES daughters, MARY mother of MARY MANNING, wife of ROGER HODGES.
It was ELIZABETH ETHEREDGE, daughter of WILLIAM who married JOHN PORTLOCK, SR. and was grand-mother of MARY, the wife of JAMES HODGES who was great-grandson of JOHN MANNING and his wife, MARY.
The will of WILLIAM ETHEREDGE, the elder, recorded in Bk. 9, p. 572 of Norfolk Records on Feb. 15, 1716, identifies his wife Annes; his sons: WILLIAM, CHARLES, AMOSS, THOMAS and ADAM: his grandson WILLIS and CHARLES sons of his deceased son CHARLES; his daughters ELIZABETH PORTLOCK, ANN NASH and GRACE ETHEREDGE, and his granddaughters JUDITH, wife of WILLIAM WALLACE, and DORCAS NASH.
ANNES, the wife of WILLIAM ETHEREDGE, was the daughter of "NICHOLAS ROBINSON, planter of ye Southern Branch of Elizabeth River," His will dated Jan. 28, 1666 and recorded on page 22 of Book F. Norfolk Records on August 15, 1677, states that his wife ANN is to have his estate for life and then it is to go to his loving daughter, ANNES ROBINSON, "now ye wife of WM. ETHEREDGE, and her children." It was witnessed by JOHN EDWARDS, MARMADUKE MERRINGTON (still living in 1677) and WM. ETHRIDG.
Thus MARY PORTLOCK first wife of JAMES HODGES, SR. and mother of JAMES JR. was descended from JOHN PORTLOCK, Senior and Junior, from THOMAS ETHEREDGE, WILLIAM ETHEREDGE and NICHOLAS ROBINSON of early Norfolk Co. on her father's side.
We have already found that her mother was MARY MATHIAS.
However, through her proven PORTLOCK, ETHEREDGE and ROBINSON lines connection is made with several other prominent families of Norfolk and its neighboring counties.
No effort has been made to ascertain the names of the wives of the numerous sons of JOHN PORTLOCK, SR. or the wives of the sons of THOMAS and WILLIAM ETHEREDGE, but ANN the daughter of WILLIAM ETHEREDGE SR. referred to as ANN NASH in his 1715 will was the wife of THOMAS NASH, SR. who died in 1734/5 leaving a will which identifies his wife ANN, sons, THOMAS, WILLIAM and SOLOMON and daughters MARY NASH, ELIZABETH WHITEHURST, ELLINOR MATTHIAS and DORCUS WHITEHURST.
Many of the ETHEREDGE, NASH, PORTLOCK, FEREBEE and WILSON descendants as well as JAMES HODGES and his brothers WILLIS and PORTLOCK migrated to North Carolina during the middle to latter part of the Eighteenth Century and the land records of the counties adjacent south eastern Virginia repeat the familiar names of Norfolk during the first century of her history.
There are many early ETHEREDGES wills recorded in Norfolk Co. and Currituck Co., N.C. Some of them identified as belonging to members of the families of THOMAS SR. and WILLIAM SR. of Norfolk Co. are briefly extracted below:
1. JOHN ETHEREDGE son of THOMAS called ROBERT WALSON Brother. Had wife ELIZABETH. His will written 1693 R. Sept. 15, 1698. Sons: JAMES, JOHN, Daughter ELIZABETH (badly torn)
2. Will of THOMAS ETHEREDGE, the elder, of Norfolk Co. d. 13 May 1719 _________R. 17 July 1719__________wife ELEANOR ETHEREDGE, ROBERT and EDWARD two of five sons. Son in law EDWARD ETHEREDGE.
3. MARMADUKE ETHEREDGE married (1) BARBARA dau. of THOS, FENFORD. Her sister RUTH married THOS. FEREBEE and both moved to Currituck Co., N.C. MARMADUKE'S will recorded there Feb. 3, 1734, names only CALEB, MARMADUKE and MARY BELL, children of SARAH BELL.
4. Will of EDWARD ETHEREDGE Book 9, p. 272 _________D. Dec. 10, 1713/4____ P. Oct. 16, 1713 Sons: AUGUSTUS ETHEREDGE, EDWARD ETHEREDGE: daus: SARAH, IVES, MARY ETHERED, others: JOHN IVES, grandson THOMAS IVES.
The above are the wills of the sons of THOMAS ETHEREDGE. Below are some of those of are some of WILLIAM ETHEREDGE and his wife ANNES:
(1) Will of ADAM ETHEREDGE (Book 12, p. 88) d. April 1735 P. May 1735 Norfolk Co. Va. wife
ELIZABETH land I recently bought in Pasquotank Co. N.C.
Son: LEVI, daus: LYDIA ETHEREDGE, ELIZ.. ETHEREDGE
(2) Will of THOMAS ETHEREDGE probably son of WILLIAM d. Dec. 31, 1750, R. 16 April 1752 Norfolk
Co. wife ANN, children SAMUEL and DINAH NASH. Grandchildren: COURTNEY PORTLOCK,
THOMAS PORTLOCK son of MATTHEW, ENOCH ETHEREDGE, THOMAS and WM. ETHEREDGE,
MARY ANN, ROBERTSON, DINAH, JOHN, LYDIA, WILLIAM and ANNA NASH.
THOMAS reserves cemetery where deceased ancestors are buried.
HODGES IN ISLE OF WIGHT CO. VIRGINIA AND NORTH CAROLINA
JAMES HODGES, JR. son of JAMES of Norfolk Co. Va. and Pasquotank Co. N.C. returned briefly to Norfolk Co. Va. when he completed his career as a marriner in Feb. 1764. However, his residence there was short-lived Nor by October of the same year he describes himself as JAMES HODGES of the Province of North Carolina.
When he took up residence in Edgecomb or Halifax Co. in that year, he was one of a third group of HODGES . who had invaded this area.
Therefore, to avoid confusion in the North Carolina chapter of this history, we deem it necessary, or at least advisable, to identify the members of the other groups who preceeded him and since the first group were descendants of the Isle of Wight Co. Branch, we feel it necessary to begin there.
"Cavaliers and Pioneers" records the arrival in 1664 of one, ROBERT HODGES, in Virginia as head right of THOMAS POPE with land patented in Westmorland Co. In spite of this distant land grant, we believe that this could have been ROBERT HODGE who later lived in Isle of Wight Co. Va. POPE was an early and prominent family in this county.
Also in 1672 a ROBERT HODGE, resided in I. of W. with a family which included three immature sons indicating that his residence there, though perhaps brief, was of several years duration, he being the only sons in the early records of that county.
Actually, we are introduced to him through the will of a kinsman, ROGER HIGGINS, although he called ROBERT HODGES, brother, may have been, brother-in-law, step-brother or half brother of ROBERT.
The will of ROGER HIGGINS of Isle of Wight Co. Va. dated April 1672 and Recorded August of the same year names his mother, MARY LUPO, brothers JAMES HIGGINS and ROBERT HODGE, his Godson ROGER HODGES third son of ROBERT HODGES, also ROBERT'S first son, and another son ELIAS HODGES, ANN the wife of NICHOLAS OGBURNE and JAMES LUPO. His brother ROBERT HODGES was made executor.
As we study this will, we realize that although ROGER appears as a given name in was made of both the Norfolk Co. group and this one, it is not necessarily an indication of kinship. The ROGER HODGES here was evidently named for his Godfather and Uncle ROGER HIGGINS.
In fact the popular use of the given name ROGER among the early settlers of America is without doubt due to the fact that they were admirers of JOHN ROGERS, first protestant martyr under MARY, Catholic daughter of HENRY VIII of England, who reigned briefly between her brother martyr and her sister Queen ELIZABETH, both of whom professed the protestant faith of their father. JOHN ROGERS trained for the priesthood but converted to protestantism by WILLIAM TYNDALE burned at the stake at Smithfield Feb. 5, 1555 rather than recant his adopted beliefs.
If there is a relationship between ROBERT of Isle of Wight Co. and either ROGER or THOMAS, first generation HODGES of Norfolk Co., then it must be hidden in the lost records of Nansemond Co. which lies between the two counties, or in their own very early and hardly legible ones.
While ROBERT HODGE was designated as executor of ROGER HIGGINS will, he never served as such for before the death of HIGGINS in August 1672, HODGE himself died and his estate he appraised by as executor ROGER HIGGINS. (p. 100 Wills and Estates of I. of W. Co. - Chapman) In 1687 estate of ROBERT HODGES was app. by JOHN GOODRICH, TIM FENN and WM. WEBB. (Ibid p. 39) and a year later in 1688, administration is granted JOHN DOWNES on the estate of ROGER HODGES. We believe that his widow later, married DOWNES and effort has been made to locate him, but to no avail. (p. 110 ibid)
In future records of Isle of Wight Co., we find some clues as to the activities and future progress of the sons of ROBERT HODGES who died in 1672 and we also are able to definitely identify the oldest son of the in the will of ROGER HIGGINS, as ROBERT HODGES, JR.
The Quit Rent Roll of 1704 accredits ROGER HODGE of Isle of Wight Co. with 300 a. and ROBERT HODGE with 60 acres.
Between 1708 and 1718 either singly or jointly ELIAS and ROGER HODGE appraised the estates of WILLIAM CLARK, JOHN HARRIS, JOHN CARROLL and FRANCES LEE.
In 1711 ROGER HODGES received by deed about 16 acres of land from JOHN FINCASTLE and wife, KEA, which had come to KEA as one of the surviving daughters of TIMOTHY FENN one third part of a tract of 50 acres. This deed was witnessed by NATHANIEL RIDLEY, ELIAS HODGES, and ELIZABETH RIDLEY, and was recorded on page 190 of Deed Book 2, I. of W. Co. Va.
In March 1718 Ridley died and in his will, witnessed by ROGER HODGES, calls ROBERT HODGES god-son (p. 1, Vol. I "Wills of Isle of Wight." - Chapman)
(p. 7 ibid) The estate of ROGER HODGE, son of ROBERT who died 1672, was appraised on May 20, 1720 by GEO. GOODRICH, THOS. WRENN, and EDWARD MILLER.
In 1723 JOSEPH SEWARD and ELIZABETH HODGES witnessed the will of THOMAS DAY' She may have been a widow of ROGER.
The will of ELIAS HODGES of Isle of Wight Co. dated April 1727 and Recorded May 1727 names his wife, SARAH, and his daughters SARAH DAVIS and MARY HODGES. It was witnessed by JOHN GOODRICH and JOHN HODGES.
MARY later married WILLIAM HARRISON.
"Concerning the will of ELIAS HODGES: In 1742 on motion of WILLIAM HARRISON, a clause in the will of ELIAS HODGES to be explained in reference to a slave girl and her increase to his daughter MARY who was now wife of WM. HARRISON." (p. 113 "Wills of Isle of Wight Co." -Chapman)
Proof of this marriage helps to identify the JAMES HODGE of the 1722 will in Chowan County North Carolina who calls ELIZABETH HARRISON his cousin. Cousin here no doubt means niece as we have seen it often does. If used in that sense in this will of JAMES it could place him in the family of ELIAS of Isle of Wight. Since he mentions only his cousin and wife, SARAH CATHERINE, he was probably young and recently married.
Since both the will of ELIAS and the inv. of ROGER fail to name sons, we are at a loss to place the HODGES of Isle of Wight who appear in the next generation. We are a greater lost to identify daughters of ROBERT HODGE I) and of ROGER since neither left a will. Our only clues are the names of the families which are consistently associated with their descendants.
ROBERT HODGES, JR. moved to North Carolina in 1725 and took his family with him, so we can reasonably assume that the HODGES left in Isle of Wight Co., were sons of either ELIAS or ROGER.
In "Isle of Wight Co." by Boddie, we are introduced to them as we were the older generations as they appraised
the estates of their friends and neighbors:
p. 89 in 1737 the estate of JOHN MARRINER appraised by JOHN GOODRICH, WM. HARRISON (son-in-law
of ELIAS) JOHN HODGES and BENJ. HODGES.
(p. 101) In 1740 the estate of JOHN MILLER apprised by JOHN HODGES, BENJ. HODGES and WM.
p. 128 In 1747 estate of WM. MILLER appraised by JOHN MALLORY, JOHN HODGES, and BENJ. HODGES
Before 1732 BENJAMINE HODGES married MRS. HARRISON, widow of JOHN (Book 3 I. of W. Records,
On Sept. 4, 1751 BENJ. HODGES of Newport Parish, I. of W. Co. deeded his entire estate to his daughter, HARTWELL DAVIS and her husband THOMAS DAVIS. (Deed Bk. 8, p. 455).
In his will dated Feb. 28, 1752, Recorded April 5, 1753, he mentions his daughter, HARTWELL DAVIS and
his cousins (probably nieces and nephews) ELIZABETH, ANN and JOHN HODGES the children of JOHN HODGES
who was executor (Vol. II Wills of Isle of Wight Co. p. 165) Witnesses: SCOTT, MILLER, JORDAN.
JOHN HODGES, JR. married COMFORT CAREY.
The 1770 will of JOHN HODGES, SR. names his son JOHN HODGES, JR. and JOHN'S wife COMFORT, his daughter REBECCA and other children, his own son BENJAMINE and daughter PATTY.
It is evident that the brothers, BENJ. and JOHN HODGES were sons, either of ROGER or of his bro. ELIAS, and because of their close association with WM. HARRISON, son-in-law of the latter it would follow that they were sons of ELIAS. However, he named no sons in his will.
We know that they were grandsons of ROBERT HODGE I) of I. of W. Co. Va.
ROBERT HODGE II) eldest son of ROBERT HODGE I), moved to Bertie Co., N.C. in 1726 so the ROBERT HODGE III) who conveys land in I. of W. Co. as late as 1742-1753 was probably ROBERT who was god-son of NATHANIEL RIDLEY in 1718 and probably son of ROGER HODGES who witnessed the will.
All of the conveyances prior to 1725 bear the same signature - "ROBERT (R.) HODGE."
ROBERT II) married probably around 1690, ANN BRANCH, daughter of GEORGE BRANCH, SR., who died 1688, and his wife ANNE daughter of FRANCIS ENGLAND who died May 1677 (Will of England Vol. I, p. 21, Wills of I. of W. by Chapman; Appraisal of BRANCH May 1688 p. 42, Vo. I).
On Oct. 31, 1688, GEORGE BRANCH, heir of his grandfathers estate after his step grandmother's and father's deaths, sold to ANN BRANCH of ye Upper Parish of I. of W. Co. for 6500 lbs. of tobo, 50 acres where JOHN BRANCH lives. (Deed Bk. I, p. 599)
Within a few months GEORGE II) made similar sales to JAMES LUPO, to FRANCIS BRANCH, JOHN GOODRICH, JR. and DAVIS BRANCH adding proof that JAMES LUPO'S wife SARAH was in some way related to the known children of GEORGE BRANCH, SR. who were GEORGE II), FRANCIS, JOHN and ANN BRANCH. Perhaps SARAH wife of LUPO was daughter of JOYCE his second wife (I. of W. Co. Wills Vol. I, p. 28). Recall, too that MARY LUPO was named as mother-in-law of ROGER HIGGINS and that JAMES LUPO was named in his 1672 will.
In 1707 WM. DAVIS sold to ROBERT HODGE of ye Upper Parrish of I. of W. Co., 90 acres of a 344 acre patent to DAVIS (D. Bk. 2, p. 70).
On Nov. 13, 1713, HODGE received a grant of 500 acres I of W. Co. the last 250 acres of which he sold to JOHN DUNCKLEY on July 9, 1725 (Great Bk. Vol. 2, p. 710).
Three months later on Oct. 25, 1725 "ROBERT HODGE and ANN his wife of I. of W. Co. sold to PATRICK BRADY of Surry Co. - that parcel of land containing 50 acres more or less - ye said land being taken up by JOHN OLIVER and by him bequeathed to his two daughters and by them sold to GEO. BRANCH ye father of said ANN HODGE and by him given to his son, GEORGE BRANCH and by him sold to ye said ANN HODGE."
ROBERT HODGE moved within a short time to Bertie Co. N.C. and it was his sons who were the first HODGES land owners in Edgecomb and Halifax Cos. N.C.
On March 7, 1726, WILLIAM GRAY of Bertie Precinct sold to ROBERT HODGES of Bertie, planter, 480 acres on Northeast Little Roquest Swamp adj. JAMES WILLIAMS and the MILTONS, price £8 (Bertie Co. D. Bk. p. 240). We believe he had already received a grant for land and before his death he was to add 20 acres more to his holdings.
The will of ROBERT HOGGES of Bertie Co. was recorded there August 1742. This document dated Much 30, 1740 identifies the members of his family as RICHARD, JOHN and ELIAS HOGGES, OLIVE WIGONS, ANN MOORE, and MATHEW WILLIAMS (dau.) Executors were sons ELIAS and RICHARD and son-in-law ISAAC WILLIAMS.
MRS. LEON W. ANDERSON, to whom geneologists were indebted for compiled Halifax Co. records said:
"Our deeds go back to 1732 when this area was Bertie Precinct in our County Albermarle." and are complete to present. When Edgecomb (formed 1741) was divided in 1758 and Halifax formed, all old records were left in the Court House in Halifax. Many settlements of estates appear in these books."
The HODGES appear in the very early records of Halifax. In 1733 JOHN HODGES of Bertie Prect., gentleman, bought 216 acres on the south side of the Morratuck River and on Looking Glass Swamp and sold the same tract of 216 acres on August 20, 1735. This land though no doubt in Bertie Precinct was not located in what was later either Edgecomb or Halifax Co., but in Tyrrell.
The residence of ELIAS was in later Halifax Co. and equally brief. According to a deed recorded in Bertie Co. Windsor N.C. on May 7, 1739, JOHN SPIER of Edgecombe Prect. to ELIAS HODGES of Edgecomb a tract of land where ELIAS HODGES now lives on the North Side of Fishing Creek 200 acres lying between ELIAS HODGES and WILLIAM SPIERS.
On March 15, 1741 ELIAS HODGES of Edgecomb Co. N.C. sold this same 200 a. to JOHN TURNER. This deed was witnessed by WALTER McFARLAN who in the Halifax Co. Deed index is credited with selling land to one BENJ. HODGES (Bk 3, p. 536). It was also witnessed by JOSEPH PARKER son of FRANCIS PARKER and brother of CATHERINE PARKER who was the wife of ELIAS HODGES (1746 will of FRANCIS PARKER in Edgecomb Co.) The HODGE and PARKER families were possibly neighbors in I. of W. Co. In 1685 THOMAS PARKER of that county names FRANCIS is one of his four sons.
The will of ROBERT HOGGES of Bertie does not identify ROGER HODGE, at a relative but on April 20, 1740, ROGER HODGES of Edgecomb Co., planter deeded to JOHN LEE of Same 200 acres on the south aide of Morratuck River in the same vicinity that JOHN HODGES land lay. While the deeds read Edgecomb Co. this river is not in that vicinity and the land was never in present day Edgecomb or Halifax Cos.
The HODGES named above compose the first group of that name recorded in Halifax and Edgecomb and we use their residence there was short lived.
ELIAS HODGE of Edgecomb Co. received by grant on Nov. 20, 1739 two tracts of land on Little Swan of Duck Creek and on Aug. 4, 1741 - 177 acres on south side of Fishing Creek.
Deeds in Edgecomb from ELIAS HODGE recorded in Deed Bk. 1, p. 27 and Book 5, pp. 27 show that he disposed of these three tracts of land in 1741 to JOHN TURNER, including a tract north side of Fishing Creek (in Halifax). Also in 1741 ELIAS HODGES of Beaufort Co. sold to JOHN TURNER the tract patented to him on Fishing Creek in Edgecomb. In 1744 ELIAS HODGE of Beaufort Co. sold land adj. JOHN TURNER to WILLIAM SPIER.
On March 11, 1740 SETH PILKINGTON of N.C. deeded to ELIAS HODGES of said Province, planter, 526 acres in Beaufort Co. or Trantors Creek adj. RICHARD SMITH THOS. PILKERTON and Grindals Creek.
Here we have proof of the removal of ELIAS HODGES from Halifax and Edgecomb Co. to Beaufort and his brothers RICHARD and JOHN either proceeded him or followed closely.
In Beaufort Co. Dec. 9, 1741, RICHARD HODGES, planter, bought 110 acres from RICHARD HOLLAND on north side of Trantors Cr. and Pamptico Rivers adj. THOMAS WILLIAMS.
On Nov. 19, 1744 ELIAS HODGES of Beaufort Co., planter to his brother, JOHN HODGES, 270 acres of the
526 which he purchased of PILKINGTON land adj. RICHARD SMITH and BENJ. HODGES, SAMUEL HARINGROVES and JOHN MOORE.
The Will of RICHARD HODGES of Beaufort Co. was dated Sept. 3, 1747 and recorded April 16, 1752. He
leaves to his son JOHN 400 acres on "Cochoomity" Bay; to his son HENRY the manner-plantation. He names his wife SARAH and daughter SARAH. Witnessed by JAS. COUPPER, JAS. SINGLETON, THOS WILLIAMS.
Before his death, RICHARD HODGES, was witness with BENJ. HODGES to a deed SAMUEL HARGROVES to JOHN HODGES, JR. June 9, 1747, And, in 1752 JOHN HODGES, son of RICHARD sold the 400 acres left to him by his father it being 400 acres of a patent to SAMUEL BOUTWELL 16 Nov. 1744 (Deed to HODGES not recorded).
In 1746 ELIAS HODGES of Beaufort had acquired 600 a. from BUTTENHEAD BOUTWELL of S.C. land on Boutwells Creek. One of the witnesses to this deed was ROGER HODGES, probably the one who had lived in Bertie Precinct, Edgecomb Co. before 1740.
MRS. GERTRUDE SODERBURG who lived for years in Pitt Co. N.C. and did extensive research there explains that Trantors Creek forms the present boundary line between Pitt and Beaufort Co. which were separated Grin 1760. It also forms about 6 miles of the boundary between Pitt and Martin Cos. before it flows into the Tar. Grindal Creek, is east of Greenville but drains the big Swamp or Grindal Pocasin.
The tax list of Pitt Co. 1762 includes:
ELIAS HODGES 1 white - 6 negroes - 7 polls
JOHN HODGES, SR. 1 w 0 blacks -1 poll
HOWELL HODGES 2 w - 4 blacks - 6 pollsaft -
MATTHEW 1 w 0 blacks - 1 poll
HENRY HODGES 1 w - 4 blacks - 5 polls
ROBERT HODGES no poll (having no land)
While many of the records of Pitt were burned some of the deeds and the index of Wills and Administrations
Therefore, we know that CATHERINE wife of ELIAS HODGES died May 1763 and that ELIAS was administrator of her estate. ELIAS died Nov. 1766 and letters of administration were granted NATHAN GODLEY. In spite of the fact that BENJ. HODGES, JR. does not appear on the 1762 tax list of Pitt Co., his estate was administered Nov. 1767 by WILLIAM WATKINS, JR.
In Beaufort Co. Records Deed Bk. 3, p. 390 in a deed dated June 2, 1758, ELIAS HODGES for the love, 200a will and affection I have and do bear to BENJAMINE HODGES son of BENJAMINE HODGES deceased, 200 acres where CATHERINE HODGES now lives on North side of Pamplico River pocasin and Grindle Creek said land taken up by SIMON JONES 11 Nov. 1743 and sold to ELIAS HODGES 9 June 1747.
Deeds in Pitt Co. dated March 25, 1772 separately from ELEAZOR HODGES to his sons ROBERT HODGES and MATTHEW HODGES land granted to BENJ. HODGES April 16, 1745 and bequeathed to ELEAZOR fix at least two of these disconnected HODGES in a definite family. A JOHN HODGES of Washington Co. N.C. made from MARTIN gave his brother HOWELL HODGES of Pitt Co. Power of Attorney May 22, 1779.
A deed ROGER HODGES of Craven Co. N.C. for 100 a. in Beaufort Co., WILLIAM TAUNT to ELIAS HODGES and at his death to ELEAZOR HODGES, heir at law, and from him by deed to ROGER HODGES, we believe places ROGER also in the family of ELEAZOR or of BENJAMINE, SR.
Since the Will of ELIAS is destroyed, there is no way for us to know whether or not BENJAMINE HODGES SR. was his son. We can safely assume that if he were not then perhaps ELIAS had no sons since this last, states that ELEAZOR was heir at law to ELIAS.
ELEAZOR later deeded land to FLOYD HODGES, so we may assume that he also was a son of ELEAZOR.
On Oct. 20, 1782 MATTHEW HODGES son of ELEAZOR received in Pitt Co. four grants for a total of more than 500 acres.
ROBERT HODGES received 337 acres, BENJAMINE 73 acres, HENRY HODGES 500 acres and HOWELL HODGES 200 acres; all of these granted on Oct. 21, 1782 and all on the North side of the Tar River in Pitt Co.
The 1800 census of Pitt Co. shows some of these HODGES still living there. FLOYD, ROBERT, JOHN, PEAGER, HENRY and LEMUEL are the only HODGES shown in this county in 1800.
The 1810 census shows that others have come while of the 1800 list only FLOYD is still living there.
WILLIS HODGES who was born 1745 in N.C. has joined the Pitt Clan and both PORTLOCK SR. and PORTLOCK, JR. of the JAMES HODGES I) clan are now living in Pitt. (JAMES of Norfolk Co. Va.)
The only clue of any relation of ROBERT HODGE of Isle of Wight Co. to the Norfolk Branch is the persistant recurrence of the name JOHN among his descendants. JOHN is a very common name and it possibly has no implications.
However, we reasoned that THOMAS HODGES I) of Norfolk Co. who lived in the western part of that county
near the Nansemond Co. boundary may have been son of JOHN HODGES who came early to Nansemond. Isle of Wight Co. joins Nansemond on the other side and it is equally possible that another son of JOHN took up residence there.
The only son and heir of THOMAS HODGE or HODGES of Norfolk was also named JOHN.
The second group of HODGES to appear in the Bertie-Edgecomb-Halifax area was composed by JAMES, MILES, JOSEPH, JOHN and BENJAMINE. However, the JAMES HODGES of this group never lived in what was later Halifax Co. north of Fishing Creek. All of the land he acquired was described as being north of the Tar River which flows through the middle part of Edgecomb and south of Fishing Creek present boundary between Halifax and Edgecomb.
JAMES HODGES of Edgecomb Co. acquired land there in 1754 from JOHN MESHO 150 acres North of Tar River. (Halifax Co. Deed Bk., 2 p. 171) On Feb. 7, 1763, he acquired 100 acres from EDWARD COBB of Pitt Co. land on MESHO'S Mill Creek and North of Tar (Edgecomb Co. Deed Bk. C. p. 57) Finally on Jan. 30, 1765, he acquired another 100 acres from WILLIAM SESSUMS of Bute County, N.C., another 100 acres on North side of Tar River (Edgecomb Deed Bk. C p. 358).
On March 10, 1762, JAMES MESHO of Cumberland Co., N.C., told to JOHN HODGES of Edgecomb Co. a tract of land adj. MILES HODGES. This was witnessed by JAMES HODGES, JR.
MILES HODGES was witness to both deeds to JAMES HODGES which were recorded in Edgecomb. He was also witness to the deed dated Jan. 10, 1771 (Deed Bk. D p, 427 - Edgecomb Co.) in which JAMES HODGES sold to WM. WIGGINS both of Edgecomb Co. in the province of N.C. a parcel of land on the North side of Tar River.
The next deed of JAMES HODGES describes himself as being of the Province of South Carolina and for £100 he deeded to MIELES HODGES of Edgecombe Co. 150 a. north of Tar River part of a grant to JOHN THIGPEN (Bk. 3, p. 143 Edgecomb Co.) Witnesses BENJ. HODGES, JOSEPH MORGAN.
The first census of the new state of S.C. alter the Revolution enumerates a JAMES HODGES in Georgetown District in S.C. but this county unfortunately lost its records by fire.
The 250 acres of land which JAMES sold between 1771 and 1776 probably does not represent all of the 350 or more acres he owned in Edgecomb Co. North of Tar River. For instance, in the deeds recorded and made to him the 150 acres which he sold to MILES HODGES and described as being a part of a grant to JOHN TINGPIN seems not to fit the description of any of the land conveyed to him in the three deeds which we have extracted.
The important things to note are that he never owned land north of Fishing Creek in what is now Halifax Co. and that he moved to South Carolina evidently taking his family with him.
These HODGES, JAMES, JAMES, JR., JOHN, MILES and BENJAMINE of Edgecomb seem to have been a related group but whether they are descendants of ROBERT of Bertie or related to the Norfolk unit, we do not know. It's possible they were independent of both. However, the given names of this group strongly indicate that they were related to those of Norfolk Co. Va. Perhaps they were sons of BENJAMINE HODGES I), brother of JOSEPH I).
The 1790 Census of Halifax Co. lists in that Co. HENRY HODGE, DAVID HODGES, JAMES HODGES and ROBERT HODGES. That of Edgecomb enumerates MILES HODGES, JOSEPH HODGES, WILLIS HODGES and MARY HODGES.
The 1782 Tax lists of Halifax enumerates JAMES HODGES and HENRY HODGES. The next year 1783 WILLIS is added with a purchase of 20 acres.
The JAMES here referred to was JAMES HODGES II) son of JAMES HODGES of Norfolk County, Virginia
and Pasquotank Co., N.C. The DAVID and ROBERT of the 1790 Census of Halifax Co. were his sons now grown
and taxable. .
With the first group of HODGES removed to Beaufort Co. and JAMES of Edgecomb and his family removed to South Carolina in 1776. It is less difficult to identify the HODGES of later Halifax Co. as descendants of the JAMES HODGES I) son of JOSEPH I) of Norfolk, Co., Va.
IV JAMES HODGES, SON OF JAMES, SON OF JOSEPH, SON OF ROGER
An item in the 1758 will of JAMES HODGES, SR. of Pasquotank Co. N.C. furnished the best clue to the identity of JAMES HODGES, his son.
Item: "I give and bequeath to my loving son, JAMES HODGES, my lot of land and marsh on the west side of the road going to the Great Bridge according to ye bounds that THOMAS MANNING formerly held by and I give to him my storehouse standing by the brick house formerly belonging to MR. CHAS, SWEENEY."
This was property still unsold in Norfolk Co. from whence JAMES HODGES had removed a year before. Six
years later when JAMES HODGES, JR., marriner, came home to Norfolk Co. he sold this legacy:
"JAMAS HODGES mariner to WM. BRADLEY, gent. of ye Borrough of Norfolk in the Colony of Va. for £7 - 10 shillings one piece of parcel of land and marsh situated and lying and being at the Great Bridge in the county of Norfolk and Colony of Virginia, 25 feet on the main Road according to ye bounds that THOMAS SIKES had the land laid out to him.
Also a piece of parcel of Marsh, THOMAS SIKES bought of JOHN WILSON joining to the main road that leads to the great Bridge being part of Great Bridge Island according to said marsh was bounded by WILSON to SIKES" (Deed Bk. 22 p. 104) Deed was dated Feb. 18, 1764 and Recorded April 19, 1765.
We are quick to note one discrepancy between the will and the deed. The former says the bounds as set forth by THOMAS MANNING but the deed says according to the bounds of THOMAS SIKES. The explanation, we believe, is that JAMES HODGES was a sick man when he wrote his will which was probated at the next court following its writing and that, dependant on his memory for the title of this parcel of land, he said or wrote THOMAS MANNING instead of THOMAS SIKES. As he had bought numerous pieces of land during his residence in Norfolk Co. that was not surprising. This particular tract he had bought from JEREMIAH SIKES July 15, 1747, as recorded in Deed Bk. 14 p. 104 of Norfolk Co. and in the exact words used in deed above, and as quoted in the section of this book relating to JAMES HODGES SR.
The title, Marriner, with which JAMES HODGES, JR. identifies himself according to the abridged "Compedium of American Geneology" (Vol. II, p. 352) "was then used in a much more restricted sense than today. It meant a soldier of the seas and in Parish records would follow the name of a soldier or officer under the rank of Captain."
Neither JAMES HODGES nor any of his maritime neighbors could have visualized the future importance of the ports of Norfolk or the tens of thousands of marriners who would put in and be trained in its waters for the defense of this nation.
Another deed recorded in Book 22, p. 32 of Norfolk Co. and dated Oct 18, 1764 is of equal, if not greater, importance than the other.
"JAMES HODGES, late of the county of Norfolk in the Colony of Virginia but now of the province of North Carolina, mariner, and ELIZABETH, his wife, to RICHARD BRICKERDIKE of Norfolk in the Colony of Va. for 5 shillings money of Va. one-half lot of land lying near the town bridge on the east side adj. land of WM. HODSON and on the other side land of HENRY GRISTOCK being part of land sold by ANTHONY WALKE to JAMES HODGES June 19, 1735 and by said HODGES sold to JOHN EDMONDS 17 Feb. 1736 and by THOS. WRIGHT, sheriff taken from sd. EDMONDS and sold to JOHN THOMAS by deed 19 May 1738; and by sd. THOMAS sold to WILLOUGHBY CARTER by deed 11 of Feb. 1741 and by said CARTER sold to WILLIAM HODGSON by deed 18 of Feb. 1742 and the said WILLIAM HODGSON dying intestate the said land fell to his daughter, ELIZABETH, party to these presents." Signed by JAMES HODGES and wife, ELIZABETH.
In this document we find proof of JAMES' move to North Carolina as he joined the trek westward to find adventure in pioneering on the land rather than the sea. We also find proof here of the name of his first wife, ELIZABETH HODGSON.
"Feb. 17, 1672 - WILLIAM HODGSON of Stafford Co., planter, have made and appointed Col. GEORGE MASON of ye Co. of Stafford my true and lawful attorney to act as lawful attorney for said, WILLIAM HODGSON in regards ROBERT JORDAN conveying land unto WM. HODGSON." (Norfolk Records Bk. 6 p. 163).
If this WILLIAM HODGSON was antecedent of ELIZABETH, and if he then moved to the Norfolk area, the HODGSON'S residence there was almost as lengthy as that of the HODGES.
WILLIAM HODGSON II) married ELIZABETH MESLER in Norfolk Co. May 11, 1744 (Norfolk Antiquity Vol. III, p. 95). This was probably WILLIAM HODGSON and these could have been the parents of ELIZABETH the wife of JAMES HODGES, JR., in 1764. On April 2, 1765, ELIZABETH HODGSON married JONA MERIDITH in Norfolk Co. (Norfolk Antiquity Vol. IV, p. 21). There is a derth of HODGESON records in Norfolk Co. and since ELIZABETH the daughter was already married to HODGES, perhaps this was ELIZABETH, widow of WILLIAM, father of ELIZABETH HODGES.
It is interesting to note that in 1800 shortly after JAMES HODGES moved to Smith Co., Tenn. JOHN LOVE of Bucklands in Prince William Co. in the state of Virginia by deed conveyed to WM. HODGESON and WM. JAMES HALL of Alexanderia 1000 acres in Tenn. in the Eastern District of Crab Orchard Valley (Smith Co. Deed Bk. 4).
When WILLIAM HODGESON of Stafford Co. gave Power of Attorney in 1672 to COL. GEORGE MASON, both Alexandria and Prince William Co. were a part of the then Stafford Co.
We know that before JAMES HODGES II) bean selling land preparatory to moving to Tenn. ELIZABETH was dead and he had married a second wife, MARY. The first conveyance signed by JAMES HODGES and MARY jointly was in 1790 so the date of the death of ELIZABETH and the remarriage of JAMES could have been anytime within a 25 year period. We do know that ELIZABETH was his wife in 1764 when he identified himself as a citizen of North Carolina but how long she lived is uncertain.
JAMES HODGES' son, DAVID, who was antecedent of the Texas branch of HODGES was born Nov. 5, 1768 four years and a few days after the signature of ELIZABETH was placed on the Norfolk Co. deed so if he was the son of the second marriage, as seems likely, then the first marriage was indeed a brief one.
The first group of HODGES, who had lived in Halifax Co. North Carolina had moved away when JAMES
HODGES' came in 1764. The JAMES HODGES and JAMES JUNIOR who lived in adjoining Edgecomb Co. were to move away a few years later and as far as records show JAMES HODGES of Norfolk was the only HODGES in Halifax immediately after his arrival there probably between April and Oct. 1764.
Halifax Co. North Carolina separated from NorthAmpton Co. on the north and Bertie on the east by the Roanoke River, was separated from Edgecomb by Fishing Creek on the south and by a time of demarkation from Bute later Warren on the west. Its extreme north-western corner touched the Virginia boundary at the line dividing Mecklenberg and Brunswick Counties Virginia.
The compiler is indebted to BLACKWELL P. ROBINSON author of "William R. Davie" for a detailed description of Halifax City and its environment during the exact period of the residence there by JAMES HODGES and his brother, WILLIS, and their families in that county.
"The Town of Halifax was older than the county having obtained a charter in 1757 while the Co. was not
established until 1758. This region well watered and drained, its soil rich and highly cultivated produced in
1778 corn, peas and tobacco in large quantities and some rice; also droves of hogs ranging among the plantations.
When GEORGE WASHINGTON made his tour of the Southern States after the Revolution he reported this
economic situation and trade by boats down the Roanoke River.
Still, because the Roanoke was at times too low for boats the section was dependent mainly on Suffolk and
Norfolk Va. for import and export. Virginia merchants bought their abundant crops and paid them in Va.
In 1758 the growth of the new town of Halifax was accelerated when the state Assembly changed the meeting
place for District Court from Enfield to Halifax. The district then was composed of NorthAmpton, Granville
and Edgecombe counties and of Halifax County, as soon as its separation from Edgecomb Co. became official
Jan. 1, 1759. The reason for the move was given as lack of accomodation and entertainment in Enfield which
could be had in Halifax.
In the same year the assembly established public warehouses in Halifax and in 1777 bienniel fairs to be held in
May and November "for the sale of every kind of Horses, Black cattle, sheep, hogs, pork and all kind of
provisions, tobacco and every other natural production of the country; also for the sale of all and every sort
of goods, wares, and merchandise, whether foreign or manufactured in the state."
The political importance of the town was manifest in its becoming the meeting place for the stirring third and fourth North Carolina Provisional Congresses in 1776 and the General Assembly of 1780.
In a census made by the state in 1786, Halifax Co. was rated as the most populas in North Carolina with 10,327 people and the only one in the state with more blacks than whites, 50.7 percent.
In this era Halifax was described by visitors as a petty town and entertainment there consisted of balls July 4th
celebrations, Washington's birthday, weddings and court week; all were celebrated by elegant dinners, numerous
toasts, discharge of cannons and more balls.
For the masculine population there also was horse racing and cock fights. Before the Revolution an English traveler praised the excellence of the horses of Southern Va. and North Carolina saying "They are much attracted to quarter-racing, and they have a breed the quarter horse which performs it with astonishing velocity - as I am confident there is not a horse in England or the world that can excel them in rapid speed."
After the Revolution, because of depletion of local bloodstock in Tidewater, Virginia, the Roanoke Valley became the race horse region of the world.
Accustomed to more political-minded, EDENTON, SAMUEL JOHNSON complained "that the general topic of conversation in Halifax is horses, a subject, though apparently perfectly understood and repeatedly talked over seems never to be exhausted."
Cock fights were also popular entertainment for the men, especially those staged in Halifax between North Carolina and Virginia in which North Carolina was victorious by two battles.
A weekly newspaper was started in Halifax in 1784 and copies of the "North Carolina Journal" printed there from 1792 to 1814 are preserved in the state's libraries.
Still, when a play, "The Spanish Fryer" was to be acted here, there were not five tickets sold at sunset, so there was none acted. So wrote JAMES IREDELL to his wife in 1787, and continued, "I am told that the indelicacy of it was the cause and if so, I suppose it is very indelicate indeed."
A Latin school was established near Halifax in 1795 and was directed by the Reverend MR. WILSON and seems to have enjoyed a successful growth over the next several years.
There was a definite social and economical cleveage between eastern and western North Carolina as in Virginia. In the east the people were preponderancy of English extraction. Its dominant element had been closely associated
with the Established Church and English ideals of government and political theory. There was a close economical, social and intellectual tie between the East and Virginia and the Mother Country. Halifax County was of this eastern culture and this to a certain extent was the environment into which JAMES HODGES moved when he arrived in Halifax Co. in 1764.
In this book from which the above accounts of conditions in that era and area were taken the author comments, "Like so many of the newly married couples of that day, no doubt WM. RICHARDSON DAVIE and his wife, SARAH, began their married life under the roof of the brides father." (p. 139 "Wm. R. Davie")
With his own father deceased in 1758 and that of his wife before October 1764, this could not have been the case with JAMES HODGES II) who came, in the latter year, to the more rural atmosphere of the south-eastern corner of the county, about twenty air miles from the county seat, Halifax. However, he and his wife, ELIZABETH, probably resided with some Norfolk Co. mend or relative for an interval while he decided on a proper location for an investment. Several families of the ETHEREDGE clan kinsmen of HODGES mother had been in this vicinity for twenty years.
The first deed on record to him speaks of him as JAMES HODGES of the Province of North Carolina Halifax Co. and was recorded in Book 9, p. 351.
The conveyors were MOSES HORN and wife who again on Feb. 19, 1767 conveyed to JAMES HODGES of Halifax Co. in the Province of N.C. an additional 315 acres beginning at a sweet gum in LOT HARRELL'S line part of a grant to MOSES HORN by the Earl of Granville bearing date of May 13, 1760.
This latter tract of 315 acres, was conveyed by JAMES HODGES to LOTT HARRELL on Dec. 5, 1767 Book A., p. 51, and recorded in Martin instead of Halifax Co. Witnesses to this deed were ALPHA and JOEL HORNE, CHRISTOPHER and AVEL HARRELL, JAMES HIGHSMITH and JESSEE BRYANT. There was no wife's signature on this deed and this fact may mean that at this time JAMES was a widower, ELIZABETH being dead and MARY not yet his wife.
The next conveyance to JAMES HODGES in Halifax Co. was from JOHN WHITAKER and wife, ANN, of the Co. for £135 Virginia money conveyed "490 acres of land on Deep Creek beginning at a poplar on the South side - to a pine in the Great Branch and up sd. Branch to the upper fork then along the middle branch - to a white oak in HERMAN STRICKLINGS line -- to Deep Creek and along the various courses of said creek to first station." Witnesses - DUDLEY, WHITAKER, CHRISTOPHER HAYNES, JOHN WHITAKER, JR. (Deed Bk. 12, p. 206)
The deed was dated March 13, 1772 and recorded at the May court the same year.
This was no doubt part of the land which was adjacent to a grant dated July 28, 1761, from the Earl of Granville to JAMES WHITAKER 597 acres adj. JOHN WHITAKERS Line on the corner of Deep Creek to HARMON STRICKLANDS line. (Grant Book 18, p. 800).
Between 1773 and 1778 JAMES HODGES bought two additional tracts in Halifax, one from JOHN PARKER and one from THOMAS AMMONS, both recorded in Bk. 13.
In a book compiled by the N.C. Daughter of the American Revolution titled "Roster of North Carolina Soldiers in the American Revolution" is the record of the enlistment on April 12, 1781 in Lytles Company of both JAMES and WILLIS HODGES. JAMES was a man now 45 to 50 years old and his service was brief as the record says he was omitted in 1781. WILLIS served in this tour of duty for an entire year being omitted April 23, 1782, (p. 133).
JAMES was among those who applied for depreciation and arreas of pay for service prior to the first day of January 1782 at Halifax and in the year 1783, 1784, 1785 and at Warrington in 1786.
In his pension application made in Smith Co., Tenn. August 28, 1832 WILLIS HODGES testified that he was at that time 85 years old, that he was born in Norfolk Co., Va. in 1747. That he lived in Halifax Co. N.C. when he went into the service and lived there 40 to 50 years, then removed to South Carolina 9 or 10 years before moving to Smith Co. Tenn. his present residence.
He further stated that he served as a private as follows:
177 - three months against the Tories (North Carolina had her share and more, of those who would not take up arms against the mother country).
Served another three months under Capt. GRISHAM COFIED and COL. JAMES HOGAN.
Served another two months under -
Served about 15 months .
1781 served under CAPTAIN MADDEN and COL. LISTON.
1783 served .under CAPTAIN WM. LYTH and COL. ANDY LYTH.
Engaged in skirmishes with Tories and at Guildford and Eutar Springs.
Again here we have a minor discrepancy between the official record and the testimony of WILLIS HODGES aged 85 - fifty years later. No doubt the records are correct and it was 1781 in which he served with the LYTLES and not 1783, unless he reenlisted in the same outfit.
This is just one of the incidents closely connecting; JAMES and WILLIS HODGES.
In 1777 JOSEPH HODGES (identity unknown) of Halifax Co. to WILLIS HODGES for £20 Va. money 10 acres part of the tract I now live on, beginning at the Meadow Branch, to Ammosses corner along a straight line to Packer's corner line. Wits: JAMES HODGES, JAS. PARKER, R. COTTON. Could this JOSEPH have been JOSIAH, brother of JAMES and WILLIS?
On Nov. 17, 1789, EDMUND DICKENS of Edgecomb Co. to WILLIS HODGES of Halifax Co. 180 a. for £140. Wits: ROBERT HODGES, KENCHEN KELLEBREW, TALBY BIGGS (Edgecomb Co. Deed Bk. 5, p. 570).
Fourteen months later WILLIS sold this property to WM. PARKER of Martin Co. (Bk. 6, p. 76 Jan. 21, 1791).
On July 3, 1789 JAMES and WILLIS HODGES of Halifax Co. N.C. deeded to JAMES SIMMONS of Curritook Co. N.C. £ 200 - 160 acres in Halifax Co. which was granted to JAMES WHITAKER, land along a new dividing line between ROBERT HODGES and the above said parties also adj. WM. KINCHENS and WILLIS HOWARD to Hale's Corner then along Hale's Line to the new station" Wits: DAVID HODGES, SARAH HODGES, JOHN BIGGS. In the 1790 census of North Carolina JAMES, DAVID and ROBERT HODGES and HENRY HODGE, of the I. of W Co. family, are in Halifax. In Edgecomb Co. are MILES HODGES, JOSEPH HODGES, WILLIS HODGES and MARY HODGES named as heads of families. Evidently WILLIS Lived near the Edgecomb-Halifax County boundaries.
On March 1, 1790 JAMES HODGES sold to JAMES SIMMONS both of Halifax, 8 acres beginning at the school house -- to Ogburn Hales Corner. Wits: TULLY BIGGS and SARAH HODGES.
Evidently SIMMONS wanted this 8 acres to round out the tract he bought the year before of JAMES and WILLIS, and JAMES, accommodated him. This deed is worth notice for two reasons. In it we find the first reference to a school house in these records and 1790 was fairly early for schools other than those in larger centers. Also it is important to fix Hale's corner in the mind for it is one of the boundaries by which the lands and transaction of JAMES HODGES II) are identified.
JAMES HODGES and his wife, MARY, sold on May 24, 1790 147 acres adj. JAMES SIMMONS corner for £147 to AMOS WORRELL of Southampton Co. Va. Wits: JAMES SIMMONS, BENJ. DICKENS, THOS. TAYLER. This deed is the first proof that ELIZABETH HODGSON, the first wife of JAMES, is dead and that he has remarried. We as yet do not know the family name of his second wife, MARY.
On Jan. 1, 1796, JAMES and MARY HODGES sold to ABNER BRUCE all of Halifax Co. for £201 Va. money, 272 acres in Halifax Co. beginning on the south side of Deep Creek to a black gum in OGBURN HALE'S line on the branch and following the branch to a sweet gum in HARMON STRICKLANDS line then 306 poles to a pine in HARMON STRICKLANDS corner on the creek and along the various courses of the creek to the first station." (Deed Bk. 18, p. 110 Halifax Co.) Wits: HARAMAN BISHOP, WM. PARKER, ELI JOYNER.
The description above and the boundary between HODGES and STRICKLAND identifies that tract as part of the land bought in 1772 from JOHN and ANN WHITAKER. It also proves that HALE'S Corner was adjacent to this tract from the WHITAKERS to HODGES.
The but conveyance made by JAMES HODGES was signed by him alone and granted 297 acres to PETER WOMICK for £250 Virginia Money. The land began on the south side of Deep Creek beginning at a poplar in said creek to a pine in the Great Branch to the second fork to a gum and thense along an agreed upon line of marked trees between JAMES HODGES and his son, DAVID, 270 poles to a gum standing on the run of the creek thense along a straight line and down the creek to the first station. (This description is the same as that of WHITTAKER deed).
This deed was witnessed by JAMES SIMMONS and LEMUEL HOGAN and was dated Feb. 14, 1796.
SARAH HODGES who witnessed the two deeds as noted above must have been one of the older children and daughter -of JAMES who later married, HALE of Hale Corner. When he went to live in Smith Co., Tenn. between 1796 and 1800 he was sixty years or older and his daughters were already married to his neighbor's sons HALE, STRICKLAND, HOWARD and WOMACK.
The first land record in Smith Co. Tenn, indicating the more of the HODGES from Halifax Co. to that area is one recorded on page 97 of Deed Bk. B. and dated Jan, 20, 1800. In it LEMUEL HOGAN Of Halifax Co. N.C sold to DAVID HODGES of Davidson Co. Tenn. for $300 - 320 acres of land lying in GENERAL HOGAN'S big survey in Wilson Co. (formerly Sumner) below Caney fork on the South side of the Cumberland River. Wits: JOHN WARD.
After the Revolution land was granted the veterans of that war as payment for their service. GENERAL HOGAN who lost his life in the war was granted 12,000 acres which went to his heirs and LEMUEL HOGAN, Halifax Co. N.C. was his eldest son. The flow of the population westward was prompted by this system and in Tenn. Sumner Co. was created in 1786, from DAVIDSON, WILSON from SUMNER in 1799, and SMITH from SUMNER the same year, later in the year.
We know that JAMES HODGES, father of DAVID, arrived in that neighborhood before Mar. 12, 1802. In fact, he probably came with his sons and their families and we know DAVID was there before the first part of 1800. On the March date cited above, JAMES HODGES, himself of Smith Co., Tenn., bought of ARTHUR HOGAN, son of LEMUEL, 182 1/2 acres in Smith Co., from General JAMES HOGAN'S tract, adj ARTHUR HOGAN. He paid $182.50 or one dollar per acre and later he sold five acres on the east side of the Mill pond on Hogan's Creek to his sons DAVID and RICHARD.
The first conveyance to his brother WILLIS HODGES, was recorded in 1817.
The will of the subject of this sketch, JAMES HODGES of the Fourth generation, is recorded in Will Bk. 2, p. 124-126, Smith County, Tenn. and is dated Oct. 4, I813 and was probated August, 1814:
1. Daughter SARAH HALE - negro woman PHEABY and girls JUDE and MELLY, also feather bed and furniture.
2. Daughter MARY STRICKLIN $50.00
3. Son DAVID, negro girl, BEEDY.
4. Son RICHARD, plantation, feather bed and furniture and negroes, JOHN and ANACA.
5. JAMES HODGES, grandson, son of my son JAMES HODGES, dec'd $50.00 (grandson in N.C.)
Residue to be divided among his children:
6. LYDIA BARUCH or (BOSWELL)
7. WILLIS HODGES
8. ROBERT HODGES
9. ELIZABETH HOWARD
10. CATY WOMACK
Grandson JAMES HODGES, son of RICHARD
Sons DAVID and RICHARD HODGES excts
Wits: RICHARD RIZEN and ARTHUR S. HOGAN.
We have only one definite date of birth among JAMES' children and that is of DAVID, born 5 Nov. 1768. SARAH HALE, first named dau. was unmarried in 1789 and again in 1790, when she witnessed grantor deeds made by her father. By estimation, ,"we would place birth at about 1760 -1766, DAVID having been born 1768. Perhaps JAMES, the deceased son was the oldest child and of the first wife, ELIZABETH. We know that RICHARD, second named son, was younger than DAVID, ROBERT or WILLIS, so evidently JAMES HODGES did not follow the usual pattern of naming his children in order of birth in his will.
His brother WILLIS, born in Norfolk Co. in 1747, died in Smith Co., Tenn., and his will was proved Jan. 1834. At the time of his death he was 87 years old.
In his pension application in 1832 he said that he married LUCY KILLEBREW in Halifax Co. on June 6, 1776. She was still living at the time of his death. Beside her, he names only his daughters: SALLY, ELSY, HANNAH, NANCY and LUCINDA but mentions six daughters without naming the sixth one.
RICHARD HODGES and TARTON WHITLEY were executors. (Will, Bk. 2, p. 118 Smith Co. Tenn.)
Pages were torn from the family bible and attached to the Pension application as proof of the marriage of
WILLIS and LUCY.
The pages, yet readable, prove that WILLIS and LUCY also had WM. HODGES born July 21, 1778: SARAH HODGES born Sept. 6, 1783; OLWE born Nov. 9, 1785 and MARTHA born April 19, 1781. SALY of the will is the SARAH of the Bible records and perhaps OLWE and ELSY were meant to be the same or since MARY is named in the sisters will, perhaps both OLLIE and MARTHA are deceased before 1834.
Two of his daughters, SARAH and HANNAH, never married and on Nov. 19, 1857 made identical wills which were also recorded at the same time. They named their sisters: LUCY, MARY PARROTT and NANCY ASHWORTH: their brothers, WILLIAM HODGES, WILLIS HODGES, JAMES HODGES and DAVID HODGES. They made their cousin, DAVID P. HODGES, executor. (Will, Bk. 7, p. 128 Smith Co., Tenn.)
The observation has been made that numerous HODGES in South Carolina have joined the Daughters of the American Rev. on the service of WILLIS HODGES. The fact that he said he lived about ten years in that state and that, though his daughters named his sons, their four brothers, but made a cousin DAVID P. HODGES their executor indicates that the brothers were probably not near by. They could have married while in South Carolina and remained there when their father and mother moved on to Smith Co., Tenn.
The will of RICHARD HODGES, son of JAMES, and cousin of SARAH and HANNAH HODGES, is recorded in Bk. 7, p. 31 Smith Co., Tenn. He speaks of all his children but he names only his sons, DAVID and ROBERT. We believe that this DAVID HODGES, son of RICHARD, is the cousin, DAVID P. HODGES, named in the wills of HANNAH and SARAH and is proof conclusive that JAMES and WILLIS of Halifax Co., N.C. and Smith Co. Tenn., were brothers and sons of JAMES, SR. of the 1758 will in Pasquotank Co., N.C.
The 1820 census shows only names of the heads of families and the Smith Co. schedule lists WILLIS, DAVID, and ROBERT HODGES all 45 years and older, but not over 60. These could not have been sons of WILLIS, married in 1776 whose first child WILLIAM was born in 1778 and in 1820 was only 42 years of age. They were the sons of JAMES and were all born before 1775.
RICHARD, to whom he left his plantation, according to this census, was not yet 45 and was therefore the youngest of JAMES HODGES II) sons.
Perhaps the WILLIAM HODGES, with wife age 26-45 and children, was the son of WILLIS and his wife, LUCY.
In the pension applicaiton of WILLIS HODGES, PHILIP POPE gives an affidavit stating that he and WILLIS HODGES were raised in the same neighborhood, were then neighbors and had been acquainted ever since he could remember. He said that he knew WILLIS HODGES during the Rev. War, that he knew he was at Guildford and believed he served as stated in his application form and also believed said HODGES to be a man of truth.
This affidavit, in. addition to the initial "P" attached to the name of DAVID HODGES, coz of SARAH and HANNAH, may be clues to the last name of the mother of DAVID HODGES, son of JAMES II), and JAMES' second wife.
Although all available records in the Court Houses at Halifax and Tarboro, County seats of Halifax and Edgecomb counties, have been searched, the searcher did not have access to the court minutes and orders which might furnish the desired information, concerning the identity of MARY 2nd wife of JAMES HODGES II).
For some reason, we believe that DAVID HODGES, born Nov. 5, 1768 was of the second marriage partly because his birth was 11 months after the Dec. 1767 deed was signed by JAMES HODGES, alone, no wife's signature being attached.
DAVID P. HODGES, who was cousin and executor of the wills of WILLIS HODGE'S two daughters, SARAH and HANNAH, and who must have been the son of RICHARD HODGES, youngest son of JAMES, the only HODGES male shown in Smith Co., Tenn. in 1850 census, could have been named for his uncle DAVID HODGES, who died in 1844 or, if RICHARD and DAVID were full brothers, both sons of the second wife, MARY, then DAVID P. and his Uncle known amply as DAVID HODGES may have both been named for the father of MARY, DAVID P. perhaps POPE.
This is especially probably if JAMES, the deceased son, (and perhaps two of the daughters} were by the first wife, ELIZABETH.
It was usual to name a first son for the husband's father and a second for the wife's. This would have been taken care of in this instance. With daughters, the custom was reverse and according to that system the dau. ELIZABETH would have been the oldest daughter with MARY the second one.
Perhaps SARAH, born no later than 1770 the first daughter of JAMES by his second wife, was named for MARY'S mother or perhaps she was named for SARAH - - - - the mother of JAMES I) and first positively identified wife of JOSEPH HODGES of Norfolk Co. who would have been the grandmother of JAMES Of Halifax Co., N.C. And Smith Co. Tenn..
There were numerous POPE'S in Halifax and Edgecomb Co. during the period when JAMES II) lived and brought up his family there but from the available records no connection to any of them has been made and there doesn't seem to he a DAVID POPE among them.
A year after Edgecomb Co. was created from Bertie, in 1742, both SAMUEL and ARROW ETHEREDGE were living on Fishing Creek in Edgecomb.
In 1747 JOSEPH LANE of that county bought land on POPES branch of Fishing Creek from WILLIAM ETHEREDGE of Norfolk Co., VA.
WILLIAM ETHEREDGE, in fact all of these of that name, were relatives of the mother of JAMES HODGES II) who was MARY PORTLOCK.
When JAMES HODGES established a final residence in Halifax Co., created from Edgecomb in 1758, it claimed the Southbank of Fishing Creek for one of its borders. No doubt the POPES for whom POPES Branch was named were not far distant.
Source: We Cousins, Volume II by Florence Sutherland Hudson, p. .